Mid-Year Review of the Humanitarian Action Plan for Afghanistan 2010
Afghanistan’s continually deteriorating security situation places further strain on the already extremely vulnerable population and exacerbates humanitarian needs In the first four months of 2010, the average number of security incidents was 52% higher than the same period in 2009. This is due to a combination of factors including increased international military troops, security force operations in the South, and significant armed opposition groups’ activities in south-east and east Afghanistan.
International military activity is expected to surge in the South over the coming months in an effort to tackle armed opposition groups. Contingency plans have been established in anticipation of expected displacements. Currently, there are no indications that the security situation in the coming months will be any better than the situation in 2009. All security actors agree that violence is likely to increase in the short term.
Ongoing direct intimidation of national staff working for the aid community and the abduction of national staff continue to hamper programme delivery at the end of the delivery chain. Insurgents followed up on their threats against the civilian population with an average of 10 assassinations per week in 2010. This is higher than the weekly average of eight recorded through 2009. The majority of assassinations continue to occur in the south and south-east. Assassinations of community leaders and others not only discourage the population from cooperating with the Government, but also undermine the protection of aid workers accorded by the local communities.
Another humanitarian consequence of the continued insecurity is new patterns of displacement, both in numbers and in locations where they had not been earlier reported. The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) reported 319,316 internally displaced people (IDPs), including pre- and post-31 December 2002 in Afghanistan.
Natural disasters have also had severe consequences on the population and reinforced the need for preparedness measures. The earthquake in Samangan in April and subsequent floods have left 3,500 families without shelter. The only opportunity to build during the summer months must be seized. Insufficient tents in-country led to a decision to allocate tents only to the most vulnerable. The remaining victims received tarpaulins to cover their immediate needs.
The Afghanistan Humanitarian Action Plan (HAP) initially requested US$ 871 million for humanitarian actions including early recovery. At mid-year this figure has been revised downwards to $773 million to reflect the most urgent needs that can be met between now and the end of the year. The revised HAP includes 144 projects from 40 non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and nine UN organizations. Based on increasing needs, some new projects have been added, while others have been withdrawn or revised. As of 25 June 2010, the Afghanistan HAP is 62% funded with $483 million. This leaves unmet requirements of nearly $290 million.