Mid-Year Review of the Humanitarian Action Plan for Iraq 2010
Population: 31,567,000 (UN Population Division projections for 2010)
Number of IDPs (post-2006): 1.55 million (UNHCR)
Population targeted by IHAP Track 2 (WFP/COSIT/KRSO): 21% of overall population
The IHAP focuses on three response tracks:
- Maintain rapid response capacity to sudden-onset crises
- Area-based response in 26 districts, in order to address residual humanitarian needs in the most vulnerable areas
- Cross-sectoral countrywide themes and humanitarian needs
The 2010 Iraq Humanitarian Action Plan (IHAP) was prepared with an emerging consensus that Iraq has passed the acute humanitarian emergency phase and is progressing towards normalized relations and improved Government capacity to address the country’s longer-term recovery and security challenges. Indeed, the legacy of decade-long sanctions, conflicts, sectarian violence, under-development and neglect cannot be reversed in a short period of time. While the country experiences a fragile transition to development, considerable and protracted needs still exist. Many of these needs must still be tackled through urgent humanitarian actions. In this context, the 2010 IHAP focuses on enduring vulnerabilities across Iraq, while targeting assistance to 26 priority districts where humanitarian needs are most acute.
During the first half of 2010, Iraq was largely spared the significant levels of violence and internal displacement witnessed between 2006 and 2008. Therefore, the scenario based on the gradual stabilization of the country, which underpins the 2010 IHAP, is still valid. The March 2010 parliamentary elections, contested by four main political blocs, each appealing to a constituency defined mainly along sectarian or ethnic lines, is considered the main event in the Mid-Year Review (MYR) reporting period, and has greatly influenced other developments in the country. The exact composition of Iraq’s parliament and the ruling coalition was not finalized at the time of preparing this MYR report. While Iraqis await the formation of a new and representative government, the extended period of political uncertainty has delayed key decision-making processes within the Iraqi administration, thus affecting the implementation of many IHAP programmes and projects.
Insufficient funding has seriously constrained the implementation of UN and NGO assistance projects in Iraq, planned for in the 2010 IHAP. Many projects have not begun. As of 08 July 2010, the 2010 IHAP was only 31% funded (or US$58 million ). Of this amount, $36 million, or 62% of the total available for 2010 is carry-over from 2009. New donor contributions are a mere 12% ($22.3 million) of total requirements for 2010. The apparent lack of donor support for the humanitarian and early recovery interventions in Iraq places immense pressure on agency operations during the transition towards the cycle of the UN Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF) for 2011 to 2014.
The lack of donor response has had a profound impact on UN and NGO agencies’ outputs in Iraq: out of 48 monitoring indicators tracked in this 2010 IHAP, as many as nine were reporting a zero implementation rate due to lack of funding.
The MYR process allowed partners to re-examine the joint humanitarian strategy for Iraq and review their funding requirements. The overall funding requirements for the IHAP have slightly decreased from $193.6 million to $187.7 million. Despite increases in WFP’s requirements (due to the inclusion of its Protracted Relief and Recovery Operation and capacity-building programmes), the inclusion of the Danish Refugee Council (DRC) and its financial requirements, and the inclusion of the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) entire operating budget for Iraq, the funding requirements were entirely offset by voluntary reductions from several UN agencies and IOM. These reductions bring the IHAP budget requirements into the six-month time-frame remaining until the end of the current IHAP programming cycle in December 2010.