Mid-Year Review of the Humanitarian Response Plan for Pakistan 2010
Over the course of the last year, more than three million people in Pakistan were forced to flee their homes in the country's north-western areas of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK, formerly known as the North West Frontier Province) and the Federally Administered Tribal Area (FATA). Since the beginning of 2010, the situation in north-west Pakistan has continued to be characterized by small to medium-scale population movements, including new displacements as well as steady return. More than 2 million people have voluntarily returned to their areas of origin since July 2009, and the humanitarian community expects thousands more to return before the end of this year.
Meanwhile, displacement continues from different Agencies of the FATA, resulting in new population outflows over the course of 2010 - for example, since December 2009, more than 300,000 IDPs from Orakzai and Kurram agencies have fled to the neighbouring districts of Kohat and Hangu, with new arrivals still being registered and verified on a daily basis. In Dera Ismail Khan and Tank districts, a further 230,000 people remain displaced. Similarly, hundreds of thousands of IDPs remain in the Peshawar Valley (including Jalozai camp, which still hosts around 100,000 people), where the humanitarian community is carrying out an extensive vulnerability assessment to identify the most vulnerable among them who have ongoing needs for assistance.
The 2010 Pakistan Humanitarian Response Plan (PHRP) was designed to provide a consolidated, coherent, transparent and coordinated response from the humanitarian community to the unmet needs of the vulnerable populations affected by the crisis in KPK and FATA, initially until the end of July 2010. It is not a part of the Consolidated Appeals Process, which covers foreseeable global humanitarian needs. Instead, it is a specific response plan developed in close coordination with the Government of Pakistan to address the temporary humanitarian needs related to KPK and FATA. The PHRP is directly linked to an assessment of needs and realities on the ground, and not tied to any global planning frameworks or timeline.
In light of the ongoing humanitarian needs in areas of displacement and return, this document proposes a five-month extension of the PHRP until the end of 2010, based on a careful assessment of ongoing needs and a set of specific and defined planning assumptions. The PHRP draws largely from the humanitarian response experience of 2008 and 2009 and projects into the future, based on the best available humanitarian information at the time of planning. Priorities in this plan are based on various criteria, including time sensitivity, the critical nature of the activity and available access. The strategic objectives of the extended PHRP are built around four key pillars:
- Delivery of life-saving assistance, especially food, shelter, emergency health care, and safe water and sanitation to people displaced or affected by the insecurity in KPK and FATA, particularly IDPs and host families
- Improved protection of civilians affected by the crisis in KPK and FATA
- Support to returnees and vulnerable families who were unable to leave areas of origin to restart their lives by integrating humanitarian relief and early recovery action (and by linking these activities in the PHRP to longer-term frameworks for recovery and development, such as the Post-Crisis Needs Assessment)
- Stronger coordination, monitoring and reporting structures within the humanitarian community and with government partners to enhance the provision of and access to humanitarian assistance and services
As of 28 July 2010, the PHRP’s revised requirements are US$663 million. Taking into consideration funding received to date of $260 million, the appeal is now 39% funded, and has unmet requirements of $402 million. Although a generous level of funding, the contributions to date mask some serious imbalances in the funding contributed, however. Of particular concern are the low levels of funding to nutrition, health, and agriculture, all of which are critical to ensuring and protecting the health of the most vulnerable (women and children) in the hot season and for the sustainability of livelihoods.