Mid-Year Review of the Humanitarian Response Plan for Yemen 2011
Duration: July to December 2011
Key areas targeted
northern and southern conflict-affected governorates
areas hosting refugee, migrant, and TCN populations
areas where civil unrest has created pockets of humanitarian need and/or where basic services have collapsed
Key target beneficiaries
1.8 million food-insecure; 2.5 children and women suffering from acute malnutrition;225,000 IDPs (north);
60,842 IDPs (south): Aden: 37,584; Abyan: 14,788; Lajh: 8,475; 2,020 IDPs (Sana’a); 97,000 returnees (north);
116,830 war- affected (north); 227,932 refugees/asylum seekers; 12,000 migrants
Funding request per beneficiary: $112
Total funding requested: $290,402,610
The wave of popular uprisings and civil unrest currently sweeping North Africa and the Middle East has dramatically affected Yemen. It has added new drivers of instability to an already volatile and impoverished country with considerable development challenges and pre-existing humanitarian needs. Five key drivers of humanitarian need in Yemen have been identified: continuing and unpredictable civil unrest; ongoing conflict in northern and southern Yemen; the continually increasing presence of refugees, migrants and third-country nationals; rises in the cost of living; and a crisis in provision of basic services. Based on these drivers, the priorities for humanitarian responders are identified as life-saving assistance to conflict-affected populations; provision of basic services and commodities for the most vulnerable; and protection of civilians and human rights.
The unrest has increased protection needs, particularly in urban areas, and the ongoing conflict and displacements in southern and northern Yemen have added to the pre-existing humanitarian caseload. Instability is exacerbating economic stagnation and complicating access to and delivery of basic services. Meanwhile, rising food and fuel prices further marginalize vulnerable groups as the cost of living skyrockets. The rising cost of living and crisis in basic services could increase humanitarian needs across the country as vulnerability spreads to other regions. The conflict and civil unrest have also led to further human smuggling, irregular migration and secondary displacements.
The developments in Yemen and the region present both opportunities and challenges for humanitarian responders. The humanitarian community must capitalize on new opportunities for increasing understanding of humanitarian needs through more robust information management, strengthened coordination and advocacy. The challenges include increased, frequent and unpredictable spikes in humanitarian needs resulting from additional displacement and protracted emergencies; a substantial and widespread increase in chronic needs compounded by the threat of slow-onset crises; and a reduction of humanitarian space and capacity due to security constraints.
Despite the radical changes in context, the overall aim of the Yemen Humanitarian Response Plan (YHRP) remains to provide an environment for safe and healthy living for conflict-affected people. In addition, humanitarian partners will aim to provide a more limited package of assistance (mainly food and nutrition) for vulnerable but non-conflict-affected Yemenis in acute humanitarian need across the country. Achieving these aims requires greater capacity and resources. Moreover, improved information management systems are critical in order to enhance understanding of the new dynamics of the situation, to accurately assess when new needs emerge or when chronic needs become acute, and to plan and respond appropriately.
The 2011 YHRP is relatively well funded, but with significant discrepancies across clusters, and funding has been slow. Flexible funding options through the Central Emergency Response Fund have enabled agencies to respond to emerging needs. Given the changes to the context and the rising humanitarian needs, the YHRP’s revised requirements have increased by 29% to US$290,402,610. Partners have reported $138,602,060 in funding, leaving unmet requirements of $151,800,550 and the YHRP currently 48% funded.