Mid-Year Review of the Madagascar Floods Flash Appeal 2007

14 May 2007

The Madagascar Country Team is appealing for a revised target of $19,466,803[1] to support the Government of Madagascar in its efforts to address the humanitarian needs arising from the tropical storms and floods affecting the country over the past months.  The Madagascar Flash Appeal was developed in partnership with the Malagasy National Office for Disaster Management and Preparedness (BNGRC), through the collaborative efforts of United Nations agencies and international and national humanitarian organisations present in the country.  The Appeal provides a framework for a common inter-agency understanding of priorities, based on identified and reported needs.  Following flash appeal practice, this revision incorporates refined information, plus new projects to respond to the effects of two cyclones that struck since the launch of the original appeal.

Madagascaris prone to natural disasters, including endemic drought, flooding and recurrent cyclones, regularly causing damage to local communities and setbacks to economic growth.  The humanitarian implications of these various natural disasters are particularly significant, since Madagascar is one of the poorest countries in the world, ranking 143 out of 177 countries on the Human Development Index in 2006.  Seasonal food insecurity is not uncommon; however as the lean season coincides with the cyclone season (December-April), seasonal food insecurity is often aggravated by the effects of natural disasters such as cyclones and floods.  Moreover, coping strategies among vulnerable populations are limited. 

Between 24 December 2006 and 26 February 2007, cyclones Bondo and Clovis, and the intense tropical storms Gamede and Favio, hit various regions of the country.  Two more cyclones, Indlala and Jaya, struck Madagascar on 15 March and 3 April, respectively.  This year's unusually early and heavy rainy season brought excessive rains to most parts of the island.  These conditions contributed to heavy flooding in heavily populated and cultivated areas throughout the country, including the capital region, the northwest, the northeast, and the southeast.  The food security situation has dramatically deteriorated, and the risk of maternal and child mortality linked to lack of access to and quality of services, and water- and vector-borne diseases, has increased.  The situation could further deteriorate if timely assistance is not provided to address immediate needs and restore agricultural production and livelihoods before next year’s cyclone season. 

As a result of the large-scale response since late December, in-country resources have been exhausted.  In February, the Malagasy Government launched an appeal calling for international solidarity and assistance in meeting humanitarian needs stemming from the severe flooding and the lack of access to affected areas.  In tandem with the Government’s appeal, the United Nations Country Team decided to launch a Flash Appeal, requesting the support of the international community.  The Appeal is now being revised to include the new needs created by cyclones Indlala and Jaya, plus refinement of information, needs assessment, and coordinated plans for the areas struck by the preceding storms. 

The beneficiaries of the proposed activities of this Flash Appeal will be more than 450,000 peopleaffected by cyclones, floods and heavy rains throughout the country.  The planning horizon is six months, from 15 March to 15 September 2007.  The Appeal includes projects with total budgets amounting to $19,466,803.[2]  Of this, $9,697,912 has been covered through fundraising with international donors, agency unearmarked funds, and the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF).  A funding gap of $9,768,891 remains.


[1]All dollar figures in this document are United States dollars.  Funding for this appeal should be reported to the Financial Tracking Service (FTS, fts@reliefweb.int), which will display its requirements and funding on the CAP 2007 page.

[2]The amounts appealed for in the revised Flash Appeal are net of the emergency resources already invested by organisations to quickly start the emergency response to the floods and cyclones.   

Document History

14 May 2007

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