Mid-Year Review of the United Nations and Partners: 2006 Work Plan for Sudan
The 2006 Work Plan outlines the United Nations (UN) and Partners planned support to humanitarian and recovery/development programming in Sudan. The Work Plan is a multi-purpose document, which functions as a planning, coordinating, and fund raising tool. The mid-year review provides an opportunity to re-examine strategic priorities, objectives and targets set within the Work Plan, and adjust programming to reflect the changing environment. The review reports on sector progress against objectives set in the UN and Partners Work Plan covering the reporting period from 1 January to 1 May 2006. The regional situational analyses cover the period from 1 January to mid July 2006.
Planning assumptions from the 2006 Work Plan have largely proved accurate. Implementation of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) has progressed slowly resulting in an improvement of the overall security situation in Southern Sudan and the three areas, although localised areas of tensions remain. More than 360,000 returnees have received assistance and a gradual shift towards recovery and development activities has continued in Southern Sudan focusing particularly on basic services, the rehabilitation/development of basicinfrastructure and building the capacity of governmental actors. At the same time, some 3.5 million people in Darfur continue to require humanitarian assistance and hopes for an improved security environment or substantial returns have not materialised. On the contrary, since the signing of the Darfur Peace Agreement on 5 May, violence has increased in many areas and several thousand additional people have been displaced.
Many challenges have affected the implementation of activities aimed at improving the lives and conditions of people across Sudan. These challenges included:
- Deteriorating security conditions and human rights violations. This was exemplified by continued insecurity in Darfur which reduced access to civilians and limited the delivery of life-saving assistance;
- Tensions in parts of the country such as the Eastern region and Abyei. While the situation in Eastern Sudan has remained relatively stable, developments along the border and in Hamesh Koreib are cause for concern. The lack of an Executive Council in Abyei has increased frustration in the area;
- A fragile food security situation in locations such as Northern Bahr el Ghazal and Eastern Equatoria;
- Minimal communications and infrastructure.
The Work Plan requested a total of US$ 1.52 billion to meet humanitarian needs with a further $210 million of recovery/development activities costed within the plan. As of 1 July, United Nations projects in the Work Plan had received only 46% of requested funding for 2006 whereas NGOs had received 36% of their request. Worth noting is that non-food aid related humanitarian activities have received a lower funding level; generally in the range of 30% of requirements. During the mid-year review the humanitarian requirement for the Work Plan has been revised to $1.60 billion.
Despite these major challenges no significant adjustment in programming is required for the rest of 2006. As such, the UN and Partners will continue to support planned programmes to provide relief to some 5.5 million people, as well as to help deliver basic services and strengthen Government and civil society capacity to build solid foundations for sustainable development, particularly in Southern Sudan.
Advocacy for a comprehensive solution to insecurity in Darfur will remain a high priority with protection of, and access to civilians taking centre stage. The implementation of the Abyei Protocol contained within the CPA will also require monitoring. Any deterioration of conditions in these two areas would exacerbate an already dire humanitarian situation and could jeopardise efforts to achieve peace in Sudan.
Of critical importance to the economic and political development of Sudan will be the upcoming census, which the UN and Partners will support throughout the remainder of 2006. In addition implementation of the Darfur Peace Agreement (DPA) may create an opportunity for early recovery programming in Darfur. In the remainder of 2006 the United Nations and Partners will also focus on the preparation of a recovery plan for Darfur within the context of the Joint Needs Assessment (JAM). This can only be implemented if the security situation in Darfur improves in the coming months.
Developing solutions that cater for Sudan’s diversity and location specific situations will remain a challenge for the UN and Partners. To this end, pilot state planning efforts, building on a regional approach, will continue and be strengthened in preparation of the 2007 plan.
The United Nations will look for complementarities between the various funding sources such as the Multi Donor Trust Fund (MDTF) and bilateral funding to continue support to Government structures, strengthened recovery and development activities and continued delivery of humanitarian assistance.
All dollar figures in this document are United States dollars. Funding for this appeal should be reported to the Financial Tracking Service (FTS, firstname.lastname@example.org), which will display its requirements and funding on the CAP 2006 page.
This is primarily due to the fact that at time of drafting of the Work Plan in 2005, WFP had not conducted the requisite assessments for their emergency operations and therefore provided an estimate of requirements. Once assessments were undertaken, WFP revised their funding request, which then increased the overall requirements.