Mid-Year Review of the Work Plan for Sudan 2010
During the first half of 2010, the situation in Sudan has mostly evolved in line with the most likely scenario identified in the 2010 Work Plan. Key elections in Sudan passed without large-scale incidents. While the humanitarian situation remains worrisome in the south, the situation in Darfur is generally stable despite the recent resumption of low-level rebel activity.
Despite these signs of progress, significant humanitarian needs remain in Sudan due to ongoing civil and political tensions, chronic vulnerabilities and susceptibility to sudden-onset natural disasters. The precarious conditions of vulnerable populations in high-risk areas, and the conflict- and disaster-related vulnerability of at-risk groups such as refugees, internally displaced people (IDPs) and returnees, continue to generate a need for further humanitarian assistance. This need is exacerbated by food insecurity; inter-tribal violence and the presence of the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) in Southern Sudan; tensions along traditional migratory routes in the Three Protocol Areas (Abyei, Blue Nile State and Southern Kordofan); and conflict between Government forces and opposition groups in Darfur which continues to impair service provision and the re-establishment of livelihoods.
2010 is the final year of implementing the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA). Benchmarks such as border demarcation, agreements on wealth-sharing arrangements and citizenship issues have yet to be resolved. Insecurity and two failed harvests have led to an alarming deterioration of humanitarian conditions in Southern Sudan since 2009. Positive progress has been made in establishing coherent coordination structures, including the roll-out of the cluster approach, developing and synchronizing contingency plans across the country, and pre-positioning humanitarian supplies, particularly food and non-food items (NFIs) before the rainy season. However, the general humanitarian response is hindered by the lack of capacity and funding.
Humanitarian indicators remain stable in Darfur, although the overall situation has not significantly improved since a year ago. The stalled peace process and the resulting resumption of fighting between the increasingly fractured rebel groups and the Government are a serious concern. In addition to the insecurity and bureaucratic impediments that continue to restrict unhindered humanitarian access in Darfur, incidents against humanitarian workers are steadily shrinking humanitarian space. Despite these realities and constraints, seven years into the conflict the humanitarian community needs to address the issue of aid dependence, especially for IDPs living in camps. To reduce overall dependence, two key elements include improved vulnerability targeting and greater investment in areas such as agriculture, environment, education, governance and livelihoods.
The Mid-Year Review (MYR) of the 2010 Work Plan comprises 465 projects from the original 410 projects, requiring approximately US$ 1,84 billion from the originally requested $1,9 billion to conduct critical humanitarian and early recovery activities for the year. At mid-year, a total of $956 million (52%) of the requirements has been funded. However, the distribution of funds across sectors is uneven, leaving key sectors with limited operational capacity. 27% of the funding requirements in this year’s plan is for assistance to Northern Sudan (including Darfur, Three Protocol Areas and the east). Requirements for Southern Sudan come to 23% of the total. All projects focus on humanitarian and early recovery objectives.