Namibia Flash Appeal (April - October 2011)
Duration: April to October 2011
100,000 – 200,000 people, including: up to 10% of the population; 51% women; 60,000 IDPs in camps or evacuation centres
Areas targeted by Flash Appeal
Seven flood-affected regions in the north (Caprivi, Kavango, Kunene, Ohangwena, Omusati, Oshana, Oshikoto)
Key sectors for response
Health and Nutrition, WASH, Protection, Education, Food Security, CCCM, Coordination
Key target beneficiaries (approximate figures)
100,000-200,000 for food/agriculture; 100,000-200,000 for health/nutrition; 60,000 for CCCM; 60,000 for WASH; 114,000 for education; 60,000 for protection
Funding requested per beneficiary: Approximately $11
Total funding requested: $2,310,450
On 29 March 2011, a state of national emergency was declared by the President to respond to large-scale flooding in the north and north-east Regions of the country along with a simultaneous request for international assistance. The declaration and request for assistance was based on the results of an aerial rapid assessment conducted by the Government from 25 to 27 March 2011.
Following weeks of heavy rain, water levels in northern Namibia were recorded at 30-40 cm higher than the 2009 levels, when a flood emergency was also declared. The most severe flooding has occurred in the Regions of Oshana, Ohangwena, Omusati and Oshikoto, which form the Cuvelai river basin. Other regions have also been affected, including Caprivi, Kavango and Kunene.
So far, at least 65 people have died. About 60,000 people have been displaced and between 100,000 – 200,000 people (some 5-10% of the population) are estimated to have had their livelihoods affected or destroyed. In comparison, the river water levels in northern Namibia are already 30-40 cm higher than the peak period of the emergency flood conditions of 2009 that affected 360,000 people, or 17% of the population. Many rural areas remain inaccessible as they are completely surrounded by water and can only be reached by helicopters or boats. The sustained high water table resulting from repeated floods over the last three years mean that flood water levels are unlikely to recede for three to six months.
The Namibia Meteorological Service has predicted more rainfall over the central and northern parts of the country for the next two weeks until the end of April 2011. A further flood wave is predicted to occur during the second week of April 2011, due to increased rainfall in the Cuvelai basin in Angola.
The appeal is built upon the initial results of a joint rapid assessment undertaken on 5-9 April 2011 and led by the Government and supported by staff from UN agencies, the Namibia Red Cross Society (NRCS) and other national and international agencies. Final results from this assessment are currently being collated and will be available for analysis by partners after 16 April and will underpin the revision of this appeal. The appeal has also been based upon the detailed Inter-agency Standing Committee (IASC) contingency plan prepared for flooding that was updated in March 2011. In close coordination with the Government of Namibia and to complement its activities, the international humanitarian community is seeking $ 2,310,450 to address the immediate needs of up to 200,000 people who the Government currently reports have been affected by the flooding.
Recognizing that the Government is leading the response, and that the NRCS is the largest operational agency in the field and has recently mounted its own appeal, also that the capacity of the international humanitarian community in Namibia is comparatively small, this Flash Appeal will adopt the following strategic aims in support of the Government response efforts in the seven affected regions of northern Namibia over the next three to six months.
- Support the Government in mounting a timely, consistent and coordinated response to minimize the humanitarian consequences on the population through the provision of technical advice in key sectors, monitoring of relief activities, and provision of coordination and information management support.
- Ensure that protection and assistance is provided to the affected population in need in an effective and timely manner targeting in particular gaps in response.