Nepal Common Appeal for Transition Support 2007
After ten years of insurgency and counterinsurgency that cost an estimated 13,000 lives and inflicted considerable physical, psychological, social and economic damage, Nepal has a promising opportunity to achieve lasting peace and address the underlying causes of the conflict. The signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) between the Government of Nepal and the Communist Party of Nepal-Maoist (CPN-Maoist) on 21 November 2006 is the culmination of a year-long process of negotiation between the two sides and a result of the successful People’s Movement that brought King Gyanendra’s 14 months of direct rule to an end in April 2006.
The Nepal Government has requested international assistance in several areas to address the unique demands of this transitional context. These include direct support to the peace process through mechanisms such as the newly established ‘Nepal Peace Fund’, a likely UN Trust Fund for Nepal to support complementary activities of the UN system in support of the peace process, and critical humanitarian and protection issues, which are the subject of this Common Appeal for Transition Support. To address longer-term development needs the Nepal government is planning to host a Nepal Development Forum (NDF) later in 2007.
This Common Appeal for Transition Support outlines a framework for short-term response activities sensitive to the unique needs of Nepal’s current transition. The Appeal has been developed in close consultation with the government, as well as with the United Nations Mission in Nepal (UNMIN), which is responsible for coordinating support to the peace process. The Appeal focuses on issues of particular importance in the short term, including food security, health, displacement, disaster preparedness, and protection. Although it does not encompass activities expressly designed as peace support, many of the projects detailed below bear on the peace process in various ways and have been designed to be responsive to that context. For these, it is particularly crucial that they build in a capacity for flexibility in implementation to adapt as needed to the fast-moving environment.
Food security problems, particularly related to drought, are severely affecting more than 900,000 people. Health indicators remain at a critical level, with acute malnutrition amongst children under five having increased to 12% over the last five years. Protection remains a central issue, including for children directly affected by the conflict. Significant numbers of those displaced during the conflict have been returning – either spontaneously, or with facilitation, though many internally displaced persons (IDPs) and returnees continue to face protection concerns. 107,000 Bhutanese refugees remain dependent on international aid. In addition to the humanitarian challenges exacerbated by the conflict, Nepal’s mountainous terrain means that it continues to be vulnerable to natural disasters including landslides, floods, and earthquakes.
The Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC) and its partners have a unique ability to lend critical support to Nepal during this period of change, if their activities are placed within a broad strategic framework and driven by a clear understanding of dynamics on the ground and realistic priorities for support.
Beyond the framework of this Appeal, agencies with a significant potential role in peace support are carefully reviewing programmes and activities with an eye to how these can be adapted to reinforce peace. Working in close cooperation with the government and UNMIN, they are considering whether new programmes are needed to support post-conflict peacebuilding in Nepal, which may be addressed through separate funding instruments.
This Common Appeal for Transition Support presents a set of principally humanitarian and protection sector strategies and projects, for a total of US$ 60.6 million across the following domains: Emergency Food Security and Malnutrition; Protection; Children Affected by Armed Conflict;Mine Action; Health; IDPs; Refugees; Natural Disasters; and Coordination.