Pakistan Cyclone and Floods Flash Appeal 2007
Intense storms and a major cyclone at the end of June and early July 2007 caused severe flooding in Pakistan, displacing over 300,000 people and affecting more than 2.5 million. Balochistan and Sindh provinces in southern Pakistan are worst affected, with 280 confirmed deaths and a further 188 missing persons. The flooding has already spread to 18 districts in Balochistan and a further five in Sindh, and the monsoon season is expected to continue for the next two to three months.
Preliminary assessments have identified needs and priorities. The displaced population is in a vulnerable state, with many living in makeshift spontaneous settlements, camps and public buildings. There is an urgent need for tents and emergency shelter materials that can be used for reconstruction of homes.
Damage and contamination of water systems and wells have caused an acute shortage of safe drinking water. Water must be supplied while efforts are made to repair water sources. Ensuring adequate access to sanitation and hygiene will prevent outbreaks of water-borne diseases. Support must be provided to ensure access to primary health, especially to essential medicines, and other services for the most vulnerable.
Damage to crops, food stocks and livestock has caused food insecurity, while measures must be taken now to prevent malnutrition. Furthermore, most of the population relies on farming for food and for their livelihoods. Early recovery actions should begin now to help affected communities restore livelihoods and regain normal living conditions.
This Flash Appeal proposes 83 projects in 12 clusters, submitted by national and international non-governmental organisations, the International Organisation for Migration, and United Nations agencies. The Appeal requests a total amount of US$ 38,303,544 to address the urgent humanitarian needs of the displaced and the affected population over the next three months, with a particular emphasis on vulnerable groups.
The United Nations Central Emergency Response Fund has already provided $4.4 million for immediate activities in key sectors including Shelter and non-food items, Health, Water, Sanitation and Hygiene, Food Security and Logistics. These projects are also represented in the Flash Appeal.
This Flash Appeal is intended to provide resources to support the Government of Pakistan in addressing key humanitarian needs during the next three months, ensuring that vital assistance is provided during the monsoon season. The humanitarian community is relying on the international donor community to fund this Flash Appeal, to ensure that the humanitarian impact of this disaster is contained, and that the most vulnerable receive the assistance they require as soon as possible to restore their livelihoods.