Revision of the Consolidated Appeal for Chad (IDP Emergency Assistance) 2007
A Combination of Conflicts
Conflicts in Eastern Chad are traditionally fluid. Individual ambitions, rivalry between sedentary and nomadic groups and/or ethnic communities, the widespread circulation of small arms, the spill-over of the conflict in Darfur and the presence of Chadian and Sudanese rebel forces and militias all contribute to a tense environment. This is compounded by increased pressure on scarce natural resources.
The Government has acknowledged its lack of capacity to ensure the protection of civilians and humanitarian workers in eastern Chad. In the absence of effective administrative and military authorities,violations of international humanitarian law and of human rights law continue to be perpetrated,with internally displaced persons (IDPs), host communities, and refugees becoming targetsin a climate of total impunity. Discussions on the deployment of a United Nations multi-dimensional presence to help restore security in eastern Chad are yet to yield concrete results. In this context, humanitarian workers often appear as the sole actors trying to cope with the situation.
Deterioration of the Humanitarian Situation in Eastern Chad
Military operations and intercommunity violence have resulted in a steady deterioration of the humanitarian situation. Humanitarian organisations estimate that 140,000 Chadians have been internally displaced over the past 18 months, mainly in the Dar Sila and Dar Assongha departments. While most IDPsare from Dadjo and Massalites origins, attacks on “Arab” communities have recently been on the rise and additional displacements could still happen before the rainy season, particularly in areas bordering Darfur. At this stage,prospects for the return of IDPs appear limited.
Security of Humanitarian Staff
The security environment remains extremely volatile with severe implications for the scope of relief operations. At present eastern Chad is in UN security Phase IV. Any further deterioration of the security situation could necessitate greater resources dedicated to security to enable the continued safe delivery of assistance.
IDPs Emergency Strategy
The present document has been drafted following extensive discussions among IDPs, administrative and traditional authorities, United Nations agencies, the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), and non-governmental organisations (NGOs) in Abeche and in N’Djamena. Humanitarian partners agree that the situation in eastern Chad is unlikely to improve in the short term (before the end of 2007). There is also consensus that ongoing activities must be reinforced and that strategies should better define the modalities to adequately address: 1) the rapid and important increase in the number of IDPs; 2) the lack of prospects for IDPs to return to their place of origin in the short term and the need to provide assistance at displacement sites; 3) the risk of creating humanitarian dependency in the absence of sustainable solutions.
This strategy does not replace the Chad 2007 Consolidated Appeal (CAP) but rather builds upon it and complements it. Therefore, new and/or revised elements of the IDP response have been added where necessary in this strategy.
Finally, the strategy presented in this document seeks to address IDPs’ most pressing needs. As requested by the Emergency Relief Coordinator (ERC) during his mission to Chad, a longer-term and more sustainable strategy will be developed at a later stage. The CAP Mid-Year Review will offer a first opportunity to consider longer-term issues.
The Government of Chad is responsible for ensuring the security and protection of civilians on its territory, including IDPs. While local and regional authorities were consulted for the development of this strategy, efforts continue to gain a stronger engagement from authorities at the central level.