Revision of the Crisis Response Plan for South Sudan (January - June 2014)
Violence broke out in Juba on 15 December, and quickly spread to other locations. During the first six weeks of the crisis, Central Equatoria, Jonglei, Unity and Upper Nile states saw heavy fighting between Government and opposition forces. Other states have been indirectly affected as displaced people have sought safety there. An agreement to cease hostilities was signed on 23 January, but its impact on the humanitarian situation is not yet clear.
Around 865,000 people have been displaced by the conflict so far, including some 740,000 people within South Sudan and 123,000 people who have fled to neighbouring countries. Thousands of people have been killed or wounded in the fighting. Hundreds of thousands have lost their livelihoods and access to basic services. Many civilians have been targeted based on political affiliation with ethnic undertones.
Aid agencies estimate that the impact of violence to date, and possible clashes in the future, could displace as many as one million people by June, and place over 3 million people at acute or emergency risk of food insecurity. Up to 7 million people are at some risk of food insecurity.
As the impact of the conflict and resulting needs become more protracted, partners are extending the Crisis Response Plan to June, to address the large scale humanitarian consequences of the conflict. So far, aid agencies have reached 300,000 people struck by the crisis. Humanitarians are scaling up the response to assist 3.2 million people by June 2014. This includes people displaced or otherwise impacted by the violence, the host communities receiving displaced families, refugees living in South Sudan, and other communities whose lives and livelihoods are threatened by the crisis. Assistance until June will continue to address immediate and life-threatening needs, ensure that people’s rights are upheld, and protect and strengthen livelihoods wherever possible to mitigate against longer-term damage.
NGOs and UN agencies need US$1.27 billion to meet the most urgent needs until June including vital pre-positioning of aid supplies needed throughout the year. The large increase in funding needs reflects the deterioration in the situation and the importance of securing sufficient supplies ahead of the rainy season.