Revision Emergency Humanitarian Action Plan for Côte d'Ivoire and neighbouring countries (April 2011)
The Côte d’Ivoire crisis that precipitated a Regional Emergency Humanitarian Action Plan (EHAP) in January has steeply worsened, and is very dynamic as of this writing. Since December 2010, more than 100,000 people have fled Côte d’Ivoire, mainly to Liberia, Ghana, Guinea and Togo. In Côte d’Ivoire itself, more than 100,000 internally displaced people (IDPs) have been reported in the west, mainly in and around the cities of Danané, Duékoué and Man, and another estimated 700,000 people who have fled the conflict-stricken Abidjan neighbourhoods of Abobo, Anyama and Yopougon. The exact number of IDPs living with host families is difficult to ascertain; however, it is expected to be much larger than those currently living on sites/camps.
In addition to displacements, the political crisis in Côte d’Ivoire has acutely diminished access to health and education and is slowly eroding the coping mechanisms of vulnerable people. The situation of women and children in particular is likely to further deteriorate. The current crisis is having far-reaching humanitarian consequences throughout the country and in the absence of a political solution, there are no signs of an end to the crisis.
In the week before the publication of this revised EHAP, heavy fighting has occurred in Abidjan and in the western and central regions between the Forces Républicaines loyal to Alassane Ouattara and the Forces de Défense et de Sécurité of Laurent Gbagbo, jeopardizing the security of civilians and disrupting the delivery of essential assistance to displaced people, particularly in the economic capital Abidjan. Ensuring sufficient staffing and capacity could pose a real challenge considering that a number of organizations (UN agencies and NGOs) have been forced to reconfigure their presence and activities. However, the security situation could evolve very quickly and allow for the deployment of emergency teams in various parts of the country to address the immense needs that are emerging. Additional emergency teams are on stand-by to be deployed when conditions allow.
Since the onset of the crisis, humanitarian actors have deployed considerable efforts to optimizing preparedness and response in Côte d’Ivoire and preparedness in its neighbouring countries based on the evolution of the situation. The revised EHAP has been developed by cluster leads in Côte d’Ivoire under the leadership of the Humanitarian Coordinator and by regional sectoral focal points under the leadership of UNHCR based on the updated contingency plan for Côte d’Ivoire. The revised EHAP details the response to the current and imminent projected caseload of up to two million affected people in Côte d’Ivoire, plus preparedness measures for a possible large-scale influx of people to neighbouring countries. The EHAP will continue to be revised based on the evolution of the current situation.
The Inter-Agency Humanitarian Crisis Cell established in Man is coordinating the IDP response and is planning to carry out additional needs assessments. UNHCR established an operations centre at its office in Abidjan to coordinate the humanitarian response. UNHCR is coordinating the emergency response in the neighbouring countries in close coordination with the respective Resident Coordinators/Humanitarian Coordinators. Due to the cross-cutting nature of activities relating to refugee response, a multi-sectoral component was added to the sectoral response plans for neighbouring countries. In addition, and considering a key objective of this EHAP is to reinforce logistical capacities, two sector response plans were added for logistics and telecommunication. Sector response plans for Côte d’Ivoire reflect the most urgent life-saving humanitarian needs, while for neighbouring countries regional multi-sector response plans addressing refugees and sectoral response plans addressing returnees and third-country nationals (TCNs) reflect the sector structure and the four strategic objectives of the 2011 Regional
- Reduce excess mortality and morbidity in crisis situations.
- Reinforce livelihoods of the most vulnerable people severely affected by slow or sudden-onset crisis.
- Ensure humanitarian access and improve protection of vulnerable people.
- Strengthen coordination and preparedness of emergencies at national and regional levels.
The financial requirements for the revised EHAP amounts to US$ 160,444,033 to support humanitarian preparedness and responseefforts covering the most urgent needs over a planning and budgeting horizon of nine months for 2 million people in Côte d’Ivoire affected by the crisis, among whom 800,000 IDPs. The plan also covers preparedness and response activities in the neighbouring countries for a projected figure of 59,500 refugees plus 100,000 returning migrants and TCNs with international protection needs. The revised EHAP includes 71 United Nations and NGO projects for Côte d’Ivoire and neighbouring countries.
“Emergency humanitarian action plan” is a term that has been used in West Africa to denote what are essentially flash appeals for sudden-onset or steeply worsening crises, but which are counted as supplements to the regional West Africa Consolidated Appeal rather than parallel appeals.