Revision Emergency Humanitarian Action Plan for Côte d'Ivoire and neighbouring countries (July 2011)
There has been significant improvement in the security situation in most parts of Côte d’Ivoire following the arrest of former President Laurent Gbagbo on 11 April and the swearing-in of President Alassane Ouattara. However, despite relative tranquillity, reports of violent attacks on civilians by militia remnants and inter-ethnic confrontations continue to be registered in the south-west along the border with Liberia. Aggression against the civilian population has also been witnessed in some neighbourhoods of Abidjan such as Yopougon and Abobo, leading to an increase of internal displacement and refugee flows into the neighbouring countries during April and May. According to UNHCR reports, the number of asylum seekers in Ghana increased almost five-fold from 3,240 people at the end of March to 16,720 people as of 15 June. A similar trend was witnessed in Togo with an increase from 891 to 5,890 refugees. Meanwhile, and despite security concerns along the Liberia border, at least 224 Ivorian refugees were reported to have returned to Prollo village, 30 km west of Tabou, at the beginning of May.
In Abidjan, business activities have picked up with most commercial banks re-opening. As of 10 May, the country resumed exports of cocoa following the lift of an economic embargo. In addition, major international banks including the International Monetary Fund and the African Development Bank have resumed a dialogue with the new Government on reconstruction aid. The five-month crisis had, however, an adverse impact on the coping mechanisms of the vulnerable populations, and the humanitarian consequences of the crisis represent enormous challenge for the humanitarian community. As of 30 June, the Emergency Humanitarian Action Plan (EHAP) for Côte d’Ivoire and neighbouring countries had only received 21% funding (US$60.5 million)against the $292 million requested.
Access to food, proper health care, education, clean water, sanitation and income-generating activities remain of great concern for the displaced populations and also for host communities. This situation is likely to be exacerbated by the increase in food and commodity prices and floods during the upcoming rainy season. Concerted efforts by all stakeholders will be needed to guarantee an effective humanitarian response. The revised EHAP has been developed by the cluster leads in Côte d’Ivoire under the leadership of the Humanitarian Coordinator for Côte d’Ivoire and by regional sector leads.
The four strategic objectives identified in the initial EHAP are retained:
- Reduce excess mortality and morbidity in crisis situations.
- Reinforce livelihoods of the most vulnerable people severely affected by slow or sudden-onset crisis.
- Ensure humanitarian access and improve protection of vulnerable people.
- Strengthen coordination and preparedness of emergencies at national and regional levels.
Strategic elements for Côte d’Ivoire
On the basis of these strategic objectives, the Humanitarian Country Team in Côte d’Ivoire will focus on the following main lines of action:
- Identify and target the most vulnerable and ensure balanced assistance throughout the whole country and amongst all vulnerable groups including the displaced, returnees, repatriated and host communities.
- Widen the humanitarian response to the needs of all target populations: internally displaced people (IDPs), refugees, returnees and other extremely vulnerable groups (children, displaced women and heads of households, elderly, people living with HIV/AIDS and their families, etc.).
- Ensure continuous transition between emergency assistance and development aid. (After years of economic and social crisis caused by the political situation, protection of human rights, community reconciliation and the enhancement of social cohesion and rehabilitation of basic social services are prerequisites for reconstruction and necessary to avoid a new crisis.)
- Advocate to authorities and military forces, including the UN Mission in Côte d’Ivoire (Opération des Nations Unies en Côte d’Ivoire / ONUCI), to establish security conditions that are conducive to the return of refugees and IDPs.
- Improve the coordination between humanitarian organizations, the Government and other international actors, in particular ONUCI.
- Recognize and address the interdependence of the security situation, protection and the provision of emergency assistance in Côte d’Ivoire, Liberia and other neighbouring countries to avoid further and premature population flows.
- Advocate sustained support and additional fundsfor humanitarian aid including early recovery in Côte d'Ivoire within a competitive global environment.
The financial requirements for the revised EHAP amount to US$ 291,989,445 to support humanitarian response and preparedness efforts for 2 million people in Côte d’Ivoire affected by the crisis, including 500,000 IDPs , over a period of 12 months until the end of 2011. The plan also covers response and preparedness actions in the neighbouring countries for a projected figure of 44,400 refugees plus 170,500 returning migrants and TCNs with international protection needs. The revised EHAP includes 113 United Nations and non-governmental organization (NGO) projects for Côte d’Ivoire and neighbouring countries.