Revision of the Humanitarian Response Plan for Pakistan 2009

22 August 2009

In late April 2009, insecurity in Pakistan’s North West Frontier Province (NWFP) and Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) intensified, leading to further mass forced displacement of the civilian population.  Between mid-2008 and the end of April 2009, at least 577,167 people fled their homes in NWFP, including the FATA.  As of the end of April 2009, the intensified insecurity in southern Malakand Division has led to a further displacement of 1,206,203 people.  According to the latest registration information available, the current number of people displaced by the insecurity since 2008 is now1,783,380 (of whom 299,618 are in one of the 23 official camps and 1,483,762 with host families or other accommodation). 

Prior to the deterioration in the situation at the end of April, the humanitarian community had been providing protection and assistance to approximately 577,000 IDPs, the majority of whom were accommodated with host families.  The scale of the new displacement demands a greatly increased humanitarian response from the Government of Pakistan, UN agencies, the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement[1], and NGOs, and necessitates a second revision of the Pakistan Humanitarian Response Plan (PHRP). 

Humanitarian needs among the IDPs are acute.  The Government has requested the humanitarian community to provide assistance during the relief and recovery phases, including food and nutrition assistance, shelter, water, sanitation facilities, primary healthcare and education.  Before the situation worsened in late April, the humanitarian community had established 11 IDP camps across NFWP, providing affected populations in these camps with shelter, food, water, sanitation and hygiene services, child- and women-friendly spaces, education facilities, and non-food items (NFIs). 

However the majority of IDPs – old and new – are staying with host families, or in rented accommodation.  For these IDPs residing outside camps, needs in many sectors are similarly critical. Host communities have struggled to accommodate the large number of IDPs in host families, and huge strain has been put on existing local services including hospitals and schools.  IDPs and their host families will be supported with household supplies, fuel, shelter materials and repairs, amplification of local services, and registration and legal support.

People who have stayed in the areas where the situation has worsened are believed to be severely affected, and the prevailing security situation has severely constrained humanitarian workers’ access to them.  To date, information from inside these areas is extremely limited.  However, reports indicate that the insecurity has resulted in significant civilian casualties, restricted freedom of movement (including access to emergency health services), and devastated civilian infrastructure.  In addition, there are serious concerns regarding the conduct of hostilities by all parties, including the failure to protect the civilian population.  Rapid needs assessment and immediate response will be implemented as soon as access permits.

The expanded humanitarian actions presented in this Revision bring the total funding requirement for the PHRP to US$543,172,583.[2]  With $88,524,302 already provided or committed, the balance needed to help an average 1.5 million displaced or otherwise affected people for May to December 2009 totals $454,648,281.  As needs become clearer, and considering the dynamics of the situation, with the potential to rapidly worsen, these requirements may need to be further revised in the future. The usual prioritisation ratings of projects that takes place for revisions of humanitarian appeals has not been possible in this accelerated timeline, but will be shown on FTS over the coming weeks as the clusters refine their response plans. 

[1]The only Red Cross/Crescent National Society that can appeal for funding as a project partner for a UN agency is the National Society of the country of operation. Participating national societies (PNS) from outside the country of operation must work through the International Federation Appeal, or the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC). In principle, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC)may participate in (but not appeal through) Flash Appeals in the form of an Annex to the Appeal. In accordance with the Fundamental Principles of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, in particular independence, the IFRC and the ICRC manage their own, separate appeal funding mechanisms. The Red Cross or Red Crescent National Society of the country of operation may become a project partner of the UN, provided that it can adhere to the Fundamental Principles and Policies of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement.

[2]Counting from the beginning of the PHRP’s planning and budgeting horizon in September 2008, through December 2009.  All dollar signs in this document denote United States dollars.  Funding for this appeal should be reported to the Financial Tracking Service (FTS,, which will display its requirements and funding on the CAP 2009 page. 

Document History

22 August 2009

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