Strategic Response Plan for Iraq 2014
- Life-saving protection and humanitarian assistance (emergency shelter, NFI, water and hygiene kits, health, nutrition, and food) is provided to displaced persons, host communities and populations in conflict affected areas.
- Protection needs of displaced persons and conflict-affected populations are identified through effective protection monitoring and assessment to ensure services and support are provided.
- Displaced persons and conflict-affected populations, especially the most vulnerable, have access to legal services and psycho-social counselling.
- Humanitarian access is improved and respect and protection for human rights.
This Strategic Response Plan (SRP) is finalized at the time no comprehensive needs assessment was completed either by the Government of Iraq or by any humanitarian actors. As such, the Humanitarian Country Team (HCT) under the leadership of the Deputy Special Representative for Secretary General in Iraq who also is the Humanitarian and Resident Coordinator (DSRSG/HC/RC) has taken a strategic decision to use a figure of 40,000 IDPs family as the target beneficiaries for planning purpose. Albeit the IDPs figures provided on infrequent basis by the Ministry of Displacement and Migration (MoDM) stood at 62, 679, the general consensus among the HCT members is that: 1) the total IDPs families accessible to humanitarian actors is 16,123 IDPs, and they are mostly those IDPs outside Anbar Governorate; 2) Access to 46,556 IDPs families inside Anbar Governorate remains a major challenge despite the ongoing advocacy for humanitarian access to Anbar being led by DSRSG/HC/RC; 3) Due to ongoing multiple-displacement as a result of shifting armed conflict frontlines, some IDPs were double counted and this is believed to have impacted the total number of IDPs being reported.
Therefore and for practical reasons, the figure of 40,000 IDPs families will be used as the target figure for this SRP, which will be revised as soon as the humanitarian needs are changed, and the corresponding IDPs figure have been verified accordingly.
The SHELTER/NFI Cluster intends to address the basic needs of displaced families. The majority of the internally displaced persons (IDPs) are currently staying in inadequate accommodations including school buildings, mosques, abandoned buildings and open fields. The cluster will procure and distribute 7,000 tents, rehabilitate 1,000 units of residential buildings, schools, and/or public buildings. The cluster will provide 40,000 displaced families with Non-Food Items (NFI.)
The FOODCluster willensure the affected population’s minimal nutritional needs are met through regular food distributions.This includes the provision of food assistance of 18,748 mt to affected populationsfor six month to cover 80% of the daily kcal requirements.
The WASH Cluster (MMPW, MoW, DoW, UNICEF, WHO, ISHO, AFKAR, IRW, RI…) will provide access to water supply, sanitation facilities, hygiene kits/hygiene promotion, and a cleaner and healthier environment to the affected population with focus on the most vulnerable IDPs. This will be carried out through appropriate interventions such as water trucking and emergency water distribution systems (when needed), water quality measures (chlorination, water quality surveillance, purification tablets…), provision of emergency toilets and rehabilitation/upgrading of existing facilities, distribution of WASH NFIs, promotion of hygiene practices and management of solid waste and wastewater when it is threatening health of children and weak people.
The HEALTH Cluster will assist IDPs as well as host communities to have access to essential health services. This includes the provision of: primary health care services; establishment of a referral system for severe cases; prevention and management of communicable diseases; immunization against polio and measles; provision of life-saving medicines and medical supplies, particularly items needed for injuries/trauma and chronic diseases; addressing nutrition needs and provision of reproductive health care packages for displaced pregnant women.
The PROTECTION Cluster will ensure the displaced and affected populations have access to legal assistance and protection services that promote the respect and protection of human rights. This includes enhancing protection monitoring mechanisms through: mobile teams providing legal assistance including issuance of documentation; provision of cash assistance to persons with specific needs;and psycho social councelling and legal services to affected populations in need, including survivors or those at risk of gender based violence (GBV). Grave violations against women, girls, men and boys will be monitored and psychosocial needs of children affected by the conflict will be met through referral and direct provision of services including legal assistance to juveniles. Dignity kits will be procured for women. The Protection Cluster will ensure protection mainstreaming in the overall humanitarian response.
The LOGISTICS Cluster will assist with coordination and an information management mechanism which will focus on identifying and maintaining supply chain corridors and strategic storage facilities. The Logistics Cluster will also provide transport and storage services to partners involved in the humanitarian response that do not have a presence on ground or have limited logistics capacity.
The EDUCATION Cluster will mitigate the psycho-social impact of the crisis and restore normalcy, stability and hope for the future. The Education cluster will strengthen the existing coordinationmechanisms involving the Ministry of Education and the Directorates of Education in the provinces to ensure timely humanitarian response, in addition to existing partners of the cluster as well as any new members.
Parameters of the response
The Strategic Response Plan is designed to support the Government of Iraq in its efforts to meet the immediate humanitarian needs of the people affected by the crisis in Anbar Province and complement the assistance provided by the broader humanitarian community in a manner that promotes the respect and protection of human rights. It focuses on displaced and host communities and on people that are located in areas affected by armed violence. It does not include protracted displacement or displacement related to the crisis in Syria.