Strategic Response Plan for the Republic of Chad 2014-2016
- Track and analyse risk and vulnerability, integrating findings into humanitarian and development programming.
- Support vulnerable populations to better cope with shocks by responding earlier to warning signals, by reducing post-crisis recovery times and by building capacity of national actors.
- Deliver coordinated and integrated life-saving assistance to people affected by emergencies.
The overarching aim of the Coordination cluster, in collaboration with all stakeholders, is to mobilize and coordinate appropriate principled and timely humanitarian assistance in response to assess needs. Priority activities for the cluster are to ensure robust and strategic coordination through the humanitarian architecture of the HCT, ICC and clusters and to improve analysis and reporting on the humanitarian situation. Furthermore, the Coordination cluster will facilitate contingency planning, inter-agency rapid needs assessments, needs analysis and response while building the capacities of national authorities to respond to emergencies.
Early recovery activities will be implemented in the Sahel-belt as well as in West and South Chad benefiting 700,000 people. Planned activities include capacity building (disaster risk reduction, conflict management, etc.) of national authorities and communities to reduce vulnerabilities and strengthening community resilience. Economic recovery activities will target youth and women.
Education planned activities will benefit 400,000 people in the Sahel-belt of Chad and in areas affected by both conflict and natural disasters aiming to increase access to quality education for all affected children, promote equity between boys and girls and strengthen institutional capacity of the government and community based associations.
Chad is constantly challenged by new emergencies requiring the provision of relief assistance. A contingency plan is regularly updated by the Agencies with OCHA support. Efficient and timely response to these new emergencies is always hampered by poor contingency stocks in place. In 2014 the Humanitarian Country Team planned to preposition Shelter and Non-Food Items contingency stock allowing to assist 150,000 people in areas registering new movements of population (IDPs, refugees, returnees) or affected by natural disasters.
Food and agricultural assistance will be provided to 1.8 million people affected by food insecurity, mainly in the Sahel-belt. Food security actors also planned to implement activities aiming to reinforce individual as well as community based resilience.
The health cluster members will target 1.8 million people in the Sahel-belt, the South and West Chad, facilitating free access to health care to the most vulnerable. Vaccination, HIV/AIDS, SGBV and reproductive health will have special attention. Partners will concentrate efforts on management of severe acute malnutrition (SAM) cases with medical complications and they also plan to strengthen the capacities of the health system and communities to ensure resilience to epidemics and natural disasters.
The logistics cluster plans to continue providing safe, reliable and cost efficient air transport service to the humanitarian community in Chad. Three operational bases are located in N’Djamena, Abeche and Goz-Beida ensuring connection with 17 destinations within the country. The humanitarian air service will also ensure emergencies and evacuations.
Nutrition partners will concentrate efforts in the Sahel-belt but they also plan to monitor as in nutrition surveys or repetead screening the nutritional situation in the South and to improve data collection in the North of Chad, targeting over 436,000 children. They plan to implement actions aiming to improve the quality and coverage of curative and preventive nutrition interventions - i.e. strengthen Infant and Young Child Feeding (IYCF). Nutrition stakeholders also intend to focus on better analysis of risks and vulnerabilities of the population to integrate results in the humanitarian response and to inform development programming (link with AGIR). An increased integration with WASH, Food Security and Health Clusters will allow to act on the underlying causes of malnutrition.
The Protection Cluster in Chad, co-led with the Government, is in a critical phase of its existence. In 2012 and 2013, it has mostly addressed the needs of conflict and natural disaster driven IDPs and Chadian returnees, in the East, North and West of Chad. In 2013, the Cluster’s strategic objective was to address the residual needs of IDPs on their way to achieving durable solutions; and handover its responsibilities to an appropriate government entity. Insecurity and continuous instability in most neigbouring countries to Chad (Sudan, CAR, Lybia, Nigeria), with a large number of Chadian nationals, is negatively impacting the sluster’s objective of disengagement and eventual phasing down and makes its work more critical. In the final weeks of 2013, the crisis in CAR reached a new peak, creating critical protection needs for the over 40,000 newly returning Chadian nationals and over 80,000 CAR refugees, mostly located in the South. Prevention and response to gender based violence, separated and unaccompanied children, risks of abuse and exploitation of vulnerable groups, psychosocial needs of children, issuance of documents to ensure access to rights and prevent statelessness, etc. are urgent and specific needs, which members of the Protection Cluster are aiming at addressing for the returnees and some residual IDPs. While some of the activities of the Cluster will be of emergency nature (i.e. prevention and response to GBV, family tracing and reunification, access to education and to rule of law institutions) others will require longer term engagement (i.e. documentation, prevention of statelessness or unclear nationality, reintegration and access to land, etc.).
Multi-sector for Refugees - UNHCR and partners will target 466,850 refugees, including Sudanese refugees in the East of Chad (over 330,000); refugees from Central African Republic (CAR) in the South (over 70,000), Nigerian refugees in the West and outside camps in the East and the South; plus urban refugees and asylum seekers. Main activities aim strengthening their integration into national programmes while enhancing the access to education and other basic and essential services (such as health services, provision of water and sanitation, education, etc). Income-generating activities along with agricultural and livestock activities are also planned.
WASH cluster members will continue to increase access to safe water and improved hygiene for refugees, returnees and host communities in the Sahel-belt and other areas exceeding critical levels of acute malnutrition or affected by epidemics or natural disasters. In line with the "WASH in Nut" strategy, through Nutritional centres, a WASH minimum package - which includes safe drinking water, hand washing and food utensils, hygiene defecation, key hygiene messages/behabiours counselling - will be delivered to households with SAM-affected children. The number of targeted population (784,088 people) remains linked to the target numbers for the Nutrition, Health, Protection and Education sectors.