Strategic Response Plan for Somalia 2014
- Provide timely and quality life-saving assistance to people in humanitarian emergency
- Enhance resilience of vulnerable households and communities through investments that enhance the productivity of livelihoods, the provision of access to basic social services and predictable safety nets through community and social infrastructure, and secure land tenure and durable solutions for IDPs and returnees
- Improve the protective environment by strengthening the quality and monitoring of responsive services, and by supporting traditional community mechanisms and legal frameworks, including preventive mechanisms
- Strengthen the capacity and coordination of NGOs, affected communities and local, regional and national level authorities, to prevent and mitigate risks and implement effective emergency preparedness and response
- Food assistance, 2100 kcal per person per day, to households in emergency and at least 500 to 1,000 supplementary kcal per child per day for vulnerable children in schools, on a monthly basis
- Provision of improved access to food via food, cash or vouchers for people with an acute food gap either throughout the year or during the lean season
- Timely provision of agricultural inputs (seeds, fertilizers), farming tools, and treatment / vaccination of livestock
- Preventative, curative and promotive nutritional support services to acutely malnourished children (0-59 months) and pregnant and lactating women (PLW), women of reproductive age through quality access to Basic Nutrition Services Package (BNSP).
- Provision of basic health services to prevent excess morbidity and mortality
- Provision of emergency water, sanitation and hygiene to people in need (IDP’s, people in drought and floods affected area, people in AWD/Cholera risk areas)
- Provision of safe and protected learning spaces through adequately equipped facilities, training of teachers in psycho-social support, life-saving lessons and basic pedagogical skills
- Provision of non-food items, transitional shelter and improved land tenure for IDPs
- Child protection and integration services to children associated with armed groups, prevention and response to family separation, medical, psycho-social and legal support to gender based violence (GBV) survivors (children and women) and for children in general and support to community based protection mechanisms and systems
- Gender mainstreaming and capacity building of partners, communities and local authorities.
Parameters of the response
In 2014, an estimated 3.18 million people require humanitarian assistance in Somalia. The number of people in need as well as the number of people to be targeted and assisted varies across sectors. Due to the absence of regular and systematic assessments beyond that for food security and nutrition, most clusters have in the past adopted the Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit’s (FSNAU’s) overall estimates as the number of people in need for their respective clusters. Apart from the food security and nutrition focused clusters, this year, only the Health cluster used the FSNAU projection to estimate the number of people in need of its services. WASH, Shelter, Protection, and Education clusters used different internal methodologies and identified the number of people in need with estimates significantly lower than 3.18 million.
For 2014, the Somalia Humanitarian Country Team (HCT) placed an emphasis on realistic ability to implement, which takes access and technical capacity of partners into consideration. It has also stressed accountability and risk management as an integral part of the access equation in 2014. In line with this direction, clusters have used severity of needs, access, capacity and risk management to identify target people in 2014.
Food Security cluster will not be providing assistance to all of the 3.18 million people in need of assistance throughout the year or even in any given month. Most of the FSC responses are seasonally focused and not on a monthly basis. The Nutrition cluster targets all of the 660,000 people (under five children and pregnant and lactating women) in need of nutritional support estimated. The cluster managed to assist similar caseloads in the past as it has geographical access to beneficiaries and enough capable partners to reach these caseloads. Target beneficiaries in 2014 for other clusters range from 37 per cent (Education) to 60 per cent (WASH) of the total number of people in need of their services. Health, Shelter and Protection clusters target 45 to 55 per cent of people in need of these clusters’ assistance.
The humanitarian community in Somalia will provide assistance to returning IDPs and refugees, particularly the Somali refugees that may opt for voluntary repatriation from neighbouring countries. The voluntary repatriation of Somali refugees is expected to occur mainly from the Dadaab refugee camp which hosts 405,000 registered Somali refugees. During a six month pilot phase from January to June 2014, UNHCR will offer assistance to an estimated 10,000 Somali refugees opting to repatriate to three selected areas of origin in Somalia, namely Luuq (Gedo), Baidoa (Bay) and Kismayo (Lower Juba). The UNHCR Voluntary Repatriation Plan will be revised depending on achievements during the pilot phase and the number of voluntary returnees in that period. The Return Consortium and UN agencies have developed and incorporated projects in this appeal to provide integrated multi-sectoral assistance to returning Somali refugees and IDPs to ensure sustainable return and reintegration.
The BSNP Intervention components are: management of acute malnutrition, micronutrient supplementation, immunizations, Deworming, Promotion and support for optimal IYCF, promotion and support for optimal maternal nutrition and care, prevention and management of common illnesses (anaemia, diarrhea, pneumonia, kalazar, where appropriate etc), fortification, (home-based and food vehicles) and promotion of appropriate food fortification, monitoring and surveillance.
See details under the section “scope and explanation of the strategy”