UN and Partners Work Plan for Sudan 2012
Beyond emergency relief
Humanitarian need in Sudan is driven by conflict, displacement and vulnerability. In 2012, humanitarian assistance will support up to 4.2 million people to ensure food security, access to basic services, shelter, and livelihoods opportunities. The humanitarian situation remains acute in darfur, where up to 1.9 million people remain in camps for internally displaced persons, while at the same time a growing number of returnees require assistance. The outbreak of fighting and displacement in the three Protocol areas - abyei, South Kordofan and Blue nile - at the height of the agricultural season has placed local recovery and development activities on hold and created significant new needs. Vulnerability among South Sudanese people returning to South Sudan, Sudanese people returning to Sudan from South Sudan, and in refugee populations in Eastern Sudan, are further reminders of the humanitarian challenges facing the country. Wiithin these contexts, however, the needs of affected people are evolving. Increasingly, people are seeking assistance that provides opportunities for them to move beyond emergency relief assistance and rebuild productive lives.
Given these identified needs, the Humanitarian Country Team has endorsed the following three strategic priorities to guide humanitarian action in 2012:
- Contribute to timely and effective humanitarian response throughout Sudan.
- Promote and facilitate durable solutions, empowering people and communities by reducing aid dependence.
- Build capacity of national actors to address humanitarian needs in Sudan.
These priorities reflect the key humanitarian strategies for 2012. First, through improved needs analysis, humanitarian actors will continue to prioritize the provision of life-saving assistance to the most vulnerable. Second, the delivery of assistance will focus on promoting self-reliance and reducing dependence on aid, with programming that enables early recovery activities and facilitates durable solutions. Third, an increased focus on strengthening the capacity of national actors and local communities to respond to needs and build resilience to future man-made or natural crises, especially in areas where humanitarian access is challenging.
These strategies will have a tangible impact on sector activities during 2012. For example, the Food Security and livelihoods Sector will continue its shift away from general food distributions to safety-net programmes that target the most vulnerable, as well as voucher programmes and other targeted forms of assistance such as food-for work. The Food Security and livelihoods Sector will support strengthened natural resource management for local communities, while the non-food Items and Emergency Shelter sector will promote the use of sustainable, environmentally friendly emergency shelter for affected people. Meanwhile, the refugee Sector and the returns Sector will aim to facilitate sustainable durable solutions for beneficiaries, while other sectors focused on basic services will work closely with national counterparts to ensure the sustainable provision of services to local populations.
The United Nations and its partners seek US$* 1,065.8 million to fulfil these strategic priorities in 2012. This represents a 4.8 percent decrease on total requirements for 2011. A continued transitioning from food aid to food assistance, efficiancy gains as a result of improved targeting of humanitarian assistance, a rigorous project selection process, and increased coordination have all contributed to this decrease in total requirements. This year’s appeal comprises 331 projects across twelve sectors. For 2012, each sector will undertake regular monitoring of activities and outcomes to better understand humanitarian impact, to increase the effectiveness of programming, and to strengthen the accountability of humanitarian action.
* all dollar signs in this document denote United states dollars. Funding for this appeal should be reported to the Financial tracking service (Fts, email@example.com), which will display its requirements and funding on the CaP 2012 page; ** requirements for 2012 as 15 november 2012. all changes are reflected on fts.unocha.org.