United Nations and Partners: 2006 Work Plan for Sudan
The 2006 Work Plan outlines the UN and Partners planned support to humanitarian and recovery/development programming in Sudan. In 2005, the signature of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement, the formation of the GoNU and the GoSS, and the passage of UN Security Council Resolution 1590 - providing the mandate for the United Nations Mission in Sudan - fundamentally changed the nature of the strategies and programmes required to support Sudan's nascent peace.
Despite progress in 2005, Sudan's humanitarian needs for 2006 remain immense. The ongoing conflict in Darfur and its associated protection challenges, the risk of a poor harvest in parts of Bahr el Ghazal and Upper Nile, the return of hundreds of thousands of displaced Sudanese and other humanitarian needs, make relief central to alleviating the suffering of the Sudanese people. In 2006, the UN and partners will support 5.52 million people with relief assistance across the country (including 2.5 million people in Darfur), assist a projected 680,000 returnees related to the North-South conflict and ensure continued relief for other areas emerging from over twenty years of conflict.
However, humanitarian assistance alone will not secure the developmental progress upon which a sustainable peace will be built. The 2006 Work Plan builds upon ongoing life-saving assistance to begin the long-term development processes central to Sudan's future. New governance institutions will be established, technical support and capacity building initiatives will be provided, while in Southern Sudan basic infrastructure and services will be established. These projects have all been developed within the context of the Joint Assessment Mission (JAM) and the resulting Framework for Sustained Peace, Development and Poverty Eradication in Sudan.
In 2006 US$ 1.7 billion is required to meet these challenges of which US$ 1.5 billion is humanitarian and US$210 million is recovery programming costed at the time of publication. Separate procedures are either in place or foreseen to manage a portion of the funds for these two facets of the Work Plan. A common fund is envisaged that would place resources at the disposal of the Humanitarian Coordinator to address key gaps in coverage as they emerge. Two World Bank administered Multi Donor Trust Funds (National and South) will provide substantial funding to drive Sudan's recovery and development activities.
While humanitarian projects in this document show the full amount of funding appealed for, funding requirements for recovery and development projects are costed only if 30 percent of the funds required have already been secured. As such the recovery and development figure shown (US$ 210 million) does not encompass the full spectrum of recovery and development programming that the UN and partners intend to undertake. As the GoNU and GoSS allocate funds through the two World Bank administered trust funds, an increasing volume of programming will meet the 30 percent threshold and therefore be reflected in the Work Plan.
In order to respond to Sudan's diverse geographic needs, the 2006 Work Plan employed a combination of regional and sectoral approaches. An extensive consultation process involving government, donors and the NGO community was undertaken in each region to develop appropriate strategies. For each of these regions the Work Plan articulates a sectoral strategy, as well as specific projects developed to reach sectoral objectives.
The Work Plan is therefore more than a compendium of projects and objectives - it is based on a four month process through which a strategic vision was articulated and programming developed to fulfill that vision. This strategic focus will be further strengthened in the coming year, through the establishment of a dedicated monitoring and evaluation unit to assess progress and identify emerging gaps.
The challenges are daunting, but the consequences of failure are unacceptable. In combination, political will, the programming outlined in this document and sufficient resources to support it will move Sudan towards a sustainable peace in 2006.