United Nations and Partners: 2007 Work Plan for Sudan
Sudan is at a critical moment in its history. With the right choices, prosperity for its people will become a reality. While these choices are the responsibility of the Sudanese people and their Governments, a significant opportunity exists for a strengthened partnership between the Sudan and the United Nations and Partners; particularly in accelerating the shift towards recovery and development. Such a shift has a role to play in supporting peace and changing the lives of millions for the better. The 2007 Work Plan is an expression of this partnership.
The 2007 Work Plan outlines the UN and Partners integrated planning, programming and funding requirements for humanitarian, recovery and development interventions for Sudan. The Plan reflects the diverse nature of the challenges, while focusing on continued support to the implementation of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement, expanded recovery and development activities, an increased emphasis on reintegration initiatives for returning populations, and the continued provision of humanitarian assistance. The approximate number of assisted people is 5.5 million. The total cost of this assistance is some $1.26 billion for humanitarian activities and $560 million for recovery and development. An estimated $292 million has already been secured against the Work Plan ($141 million Recovery and Development and $152 million Humanitarian).
In line with government priorities and as outlined in the Joint Assessment Mission and the resulting Framework for Sustained Peace Development and Poverty Eradication in Sudan, the UN and Partners have increased the recovery and development component of the 2007 Work Plan from $212 million in 2006 to $560 million in 2007. This shift is especially pronounced in programming for Southern Sudan, where, for the first time, recovery and development programming ($349 million) exceeds humanitarian activities ($279 million). In line with needs in Southern Sudan, the Work Plan includes an increased emphasis on governance and rule of law, strengthening of basic services and capacity building for the Government of Southern Sudan.
The continued return of the largest displaced population in the world will continue to pose a significant challenge to the Governments of Sudan and the UN and Partners. In order to bridge the potential gap, between their immediate return and their integration into communities, focus has been given to early reintegration programming to ensure sustainable integration and minimum stress on receiving communities. A total of 600,000 people are expected to return of which 300,000 will be organised returns with 198,000-300,000 expected to be spontaneous returns; jointly planned by the Government of National Unity, the Government of Southern Sudan and the UN and Partners.
The Government of National Unity and the Eastern Front signed the Eastern Sudan Peace Agreement (ESPA) on the 14 October 2006. It is hoped that the ESPA will not only settle political challenges but will also provide the foundations for improved access and increased recovery and development activities.
Support for Sudan’s transition is however deeply marred by the situation in Darfur, where, despite the signature of the Darfur Peace Agreement in May 2006, violence and insecurity continue to prevail. The humanitarian situation in Darfur continues to be a cause of grave concern. With four million people estimated as affected, the humanitarian needs remain high. The planned transition to recovery and development in the Darfurs remains contingent on the completion of the Darfur JAM process which at present is hindered by security concerns.
Notwithstanding the overall shift in focus of the Work Plan, the extension of the Common Humanitarian Fund (CHF) has been widely supported for 2007. In 2006, the CHF promoted a more coordinated funding response to humanitarian challenges and facilitated the timely response to emergencies such as the cholera outbreak, the avian flu response and flooding in Eastern Sudan. The marked success of this innovative funding tool has meant that the CHF is expected to play an important role in 2007 in facilitating a flexible response to humanitarian needs in Sudan.
The 2007 Work Plan is the culmination of a broad based consultative process between the UN and its Partners. Following lessons learned in 2006, the 2007 process placed greater emphasis on state level planning and prioritised consultation with the government and partners. The result is a Work Plan that is both state based and is supported by a broad range of actors. This integrated planning process has laid the foundations for a more consultative and unified approach to the implementation of programming throughout 2007.