Work Plan for Sudan 2010
The humanitarian situation in Sudan remains complex and dynamic, with wide variations in vulnerability and needs. Overall, the country continues to move towards peace and recovery, but formidable challenges persist. Recent political advancements have not always translated into better lives for local people, and millions of Sudanese still live in extremely vulnerable conditions.
The 2010 Work Plan comprises 410 projects, requiring a total of US$ 1.9 billion to conduct critical humanitarian and early recovery activities for the year. This figure represents an 11% decline from 2009 funding requirements. Just over 55% of the funding requirements in this year’s Plan are for assistance to Darfur. Requirements for Southern Sudan come to just over 27% of the total, and the remainder, approximately 18%, covers activities in the Three Protocol Areas, the east, and the north. All projects are focused on humanitarian and early recovery objectives.
The highest levels of vulnerability in Sudan continue to be concentrated in Darfur and Southern Sudan, along the north-south boundary, and in pockets of the east. In Darfur, fighting has generally diminished, but rampant crime and banditry have exacerbated existing vulnerabilities and undermined humanitarian operations. Conditions in Southern Sudan deteriorated alarmingly in 2009, with 2,500 people killed and more than 350,000 displaced as a result of violence. Food insecurity posed an additional threat, particularly in Southern Sudan, as did localised flooding and environmental degradation. In 2010, humanitarian programming will chiefly address the effects of violence, displacement, hunger, disaster and poor access to services. The operating environment will be challenged in many places by uneven access to people in need, weak infrastructure and poor security.
Humanitarian partners in Sudan will base their activities on four over-arching strategies:
- Saving lives and protecting civilians
- Support for recovery and peace
- Advocacy for the fulfilment of state responsibilities and
- Building official and local capacity to respond to emergencies
Sector objectives for the year are linked to these four strategies, and stronger monitoring mechanisms will be in place for 2010 to measure progress on these objectives and, by extension, overall strategy implementation. Monitoring will be tied to specific, quantifiable indicators linked to sector objectives.
Planning for 2010 took a countrywide approach. This approach recognises the existence of similar vulnerabilities in all priority areas; however the rapid deterioration of the humanitarian situation in Southern Sudan necessitated specific planning. Projects were selected for inclusion in the Work Plan based on their support for humanitarian goals and sector objectives, as well as the capacity of submitting organisations. Projects were subsequently prioritised based on level of urgency, a process completed through peer review groups that focused on reaching people most at risk and filling geographic gaps in service.
An indicative summary of sector response plans appears below, including objectives, priority activities, estimated target beneficiaries and key indicators to measure progress.