Zimbabwe Humanitarian Gaps 2013
The humanitarian situation in Zimbabwe has continued to improve and remains largely stable. This is due to the concerted effort by the Government of Zimbabwe, donors and other stakeholders to address the humanitarian needs arising from the challenges that the country faced over the last decade. Alongside these efforts, over the last three years, the recovery and development actors under the leadership of the Government of Zimbabwe have also continued to make steady investment; results are now beginning to bear fruit.
Despite these positive gains, humanitarian challenges remain. These include food insecurity mainly caused by drought—the impact of which is more visible in the south of the country—and sporadic outbreaks of waterborne diseases. In addition, a wide range of highly vulnerable groups such as the chronically ill, returned migrants, asylum seekers and those in displacement-like situations continue to require humanitarian aid.
However, the level and complexity of some of these needs require medium- to long-term interventions that address the root causes of the crisis. To this end, efforts are already in place to either address the identified needs or create a suitable policy environment to enable appropriate response to the needs. These include the Government’s economic recovery blueprint through the Medium Term Plan for 2011-2015, the 2012-2015 ZUNDAF, and other ongoing development programmes.
Against this background, the Government and the humanitarian community have agreed to continue addressing the remaining humanitarian needs through humanitarian coordination and resource mobilization mechanisms. At the same time, other needs that were previously being addressed through humanitarian structures will now be addressed through recovery and development mechanisms. Under this agreed structure, certain activities in the area of food, health, WASH and protection will continue to be addressed through humanitarian structures, whereas activities in agriculture, education, nutrition, livelihoods and institutional capacity-building and infrastructure will largely be addressed through recovery and development mechanisms. The Government will become increasingly involved in both the remaining cluster coordination structures and the sectoral coordination arrangements in 2013.
The present appeal contains ten high-priority humanitarian projects valued at US$131,419,709 in the areas of food, health (including nutrition), WASH and protection. More than 80% of this appeal will be for the Food Cluster. These projects have been prioritized based on strict criteria arrived at after extensive consultations with all the relevant stakeholders. Alongside the planned responses in the four areas, a modest Emergency Response Fund (ERF) managed by OCHA on behalf of the humanitarian community will be in place. The objective of the ERF will be to provide timely and predictable funding to unforeseen humanitarian needs that may arise in the course of the year and is appealing for $5 million.
The approach that the humanitarian community adopted in the current appeal is aimed at ensuring that all the remaining humanitarian needs in the country are addressed while at the same time consolidating the gains that the country has made towards recovery and development through the appropriate mechanisms.