Significant humanitarian needs remain in Nepal due to a combination of national and global factors: a particularly severe winter drought, ongoing civil and political tensions, chronic underlying vulnerabilities, and susceptibility to sudden-onset natural disasters, compounded by the global financial, fuel, and food crises of the recent months.
In early 2009 the north-central and north-eastern regions of Namibia experienced torrential rains which caused flooding along most of Namibia’s northern borders. The water levels of the Cunene, Chobe, Zambezi and Kavango rivers increased dramatically due to the combined effects of rain and water from tributaries originating in Angola and Zambia. The floods affected 350,000 people (nearly 17% of the country’s population), caused the death of 102 people, and displaced over 13,500 persons.
Within Iraq, the situation has evolved gradually from one of large-scale displacement and acute humanitarian emergency towards early recovery and development. During the first half of 2009, Iraq has continued to move tentatively towards a more peaceful and stable future, with monthly levels of violence decreasing from 2008. However, the security situation in the country is still far from stabilized, with continued attacks against civilians and many underlying conflicts and grievances still unresolved.