2011 brought historic changes for the people of South Sudan. On 9 January, the country held its long-awaited referendum on independence, with the people voting overwhelmingly to secede from Sudan. The Republic of South Sudan was born on 9 July, becoming the world’s 193rd country and marking the conclusion of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) period that ended Sudan’s protracted civil war.
2011 was marked by significant political developments in the region and in the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt). These included a reconciliation agreement reached between the two main political factions Fatah and Hamas in May, a Palestine application for full membership at the United Nations in September, and a subsequent campaign to join individual United Nations organizations. Unfortunately, an on-going stalemate in direct negotiations between Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organisation stymied political progress.
The arrival of Tropical Depression 12E in El Salvador on 10 October 2011 brought unprecedented heavy rainfall, accumulating more rain than Hurricane Mitch in 1998, and exceeding rain levels registered in the last 50 years. Due to the persistence of the storm, two low-pressure systems were generated, leading to torrential rains for more than ten days, causing severe flooding and landslides in 181 municipalities of most of the country’s 14 departments, affecting more than 500,000 people and flooding 2,000 km2, equivalent to 10% of the country.
Six mois après la crise post-électorale, la situation sécuritaire et socio-politique s’est progressivement améliorée dans la majeure partie de la Côte d’Ivoire, permettant le retour à leurs lieux d’origine de plusieurs centaines de milliers de personnes déplacées internes et réfugiées dans les pays de la région.
Increased emergency humanitarian aid in the latter half of 2011 proved to have a significant impact in Somalia, where the number of people living in crisis conditions had jumped from 2.4 million at the start of the year to four million by September 2011. The deterioration in the humanitarian situation is principally due to failed rains and continued obstacles to humanitarian access. Without the generous response of donors since the onset of the famine in July, the situation would have become far worse.