Though still fragile, the situation in South Sudan has the potential to improve in 2014 and beyond. Violence, while still high, is causing fewer deaths and displacing fewer people in more areas of the country than in previous years. The surge of refugees and returnees crossing into South Sudan has begun to subside. Food security is improving. For the first time since 2011, needs are no longer increasing.
This mid-year review of the 2013 United Nations and Partners Work Plan for Sudan comes at a challenging time for the humanitarian community and for the people of Sudan. There has been significant and worrying new displacement; fighting between Government forces and armed groups has increased, as has inter- and intra-tribal conflict; the situation in Abyei remains tense; access for humanitarian actors to conflict affected areas of the country is unpredictable and the funding available to meet humanitarian needs has declined.
The Central African Republic (CAR) has suffered from repeated armed conflict over the past decade. CAR remains one of the poorest countries with some of the lowest socio-economic indicators despite its economic potential and vast wealth of natural resources.
With a population of 4.6 million (approximately seven inhabitants per km2) and an annual population growth rate of 1.8% CAR continues to face development challenges and unprecedented politico-military instability.
The humanitarian situation in the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt) during the first five months of 2013 remained unchanged as the key drivers of vulnerability remained in place. The protracted crisis in the oPt is compounded by recurrent conflict (especially in Gaza) and natural disasters, which increase humanitarian needs. For example, the escalation in hostilities in Gaza and southern Israel in November 2012, and the severe storm that hit the oPt in January 2013 both exacerbated pre-existing vulnerabilities, and in some cases generated new needs.