This mid-year review of the 2013 United Nations and Partners Work Plan for Sudan comes at a challenging time for the humanitarian community and for the people of Sudan. There has been significant and worrying new displacement; fighting between Government forces and armed groups has increased, as has inter- and intra-tribal conflict; the situation in Abyei remains tense; access for humanitarian actors to conflict affected areas of the country is unpredictable and the funding available to meet humanitarian needs has declined.
This year, flooding began at least one month earlier than normal. An estimated 410,785 people have already been directly affected -- a total of over 82,157 households. If the current pattern continues, it is expected that the situation will deteriorate considerably, particularly given that mid-August to early September is the normal peak of flooding. The United Nations and Partners, working in collaboration with government, project an additional 265,000 individuals could be affected in the coming six weeks.
Sudan is at a critical moment in its history. With the right choices, prosperity for its people will become a reality. While these choices are the responsibility of the Sudanese people and their Governments, a significant opportunity exists for a strengthened partnership between the Sudan and the United Nations and Partners; particularly in accelerating the shift towards recovery and development. Such a shift has a role to play in supporting peace and changing the lives of millions for the better. The 2007 Work Plan is an expression of this partnership.
The dynamics of peace, recovery and conflict continue to determine the direction of UN and Partners interventions in Sudan. Within the complexities and challenges present, there are real opportunities for sustained recovery with Darfur being a notable exception. The UN and Partners 2008 Work Plan for Sudan outlines Humanitarian, Early Recovery and Recovery and Development programmes to support the continued peace processes.
Sudan has taken tremendous strides towards peace and recovery in the past few years. But there are
still enormous challenges. Hostilities continue in Darfur, while flare-ups of violence in other regions
create new emergencies and complicate existing ones. Humanitarian and social indicators in many
parts of the country are alarming: in the south, more than half the population does not have access to
clean water, the number of mothers dying in childbirth is one of the highest in the world, and the