Increased security in the North due to the Cessation of Hostilities Agreement (CoHA) has accelerated the movement out of camps, although the majority, approximately one million IDPs, still remain in 120 camps waiting for more consistent signals that the conflict is over and they can safely go home.
One and a half years on from the start of the peace negotiations between the Government of Uganda and the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA), the humanitarian situation in northern Uganda continues to improve. By 30 September 2007, more than half of the 1.8 million northern Ugandans internally displaced at the start of 2005 had entered the return process, including half a million people who have completed the return and 400,000 who have made initial movements out of the camps.
In an environment where recovery is emerging as the main requirement, there remain distinct humanitarian needs that are in danger of not being met due to poor funding. With some 1,600,000 individuals across the Acholi, Teso, and Karamoja sub-regions requiring humanitarian assistance, funding of the 2009 Consolidated Appeal as of June is 45% and some organizations, particularly in Teso, were considering closing operations if funding is not forthcoming.