Afghanistan is facing an imminent food crisis due to inadequate rainfall in the months of April and May. The drought conditions will affect up to an estimated 2.5 million people living in mostly rain-fed agro-ecological zones affected by drought. This estimate is in addition to the 6.5 million people who are seasonally or chronically food insecure.
The humanitarian situation in Afghanistan continues to deteriorate, with growing needs amongst internally displaced people (IDPs), other people struggling with the impact of conflict and natural disasters and communities exposed to communicable diseases coupled with challenges for some populations to access basic services.
Eighty percent of the population of Afghanistan relies on agriculture, which contributes more than 50% to GDP. Wheat, used to make bread, is the staple food of the vast majority of Afghans and the most important food crop in the domestic economy.
Humanitarian needs in Afghanistan continue to mount while financial resources to respond are declining, as reflected in funding to actions coordinated in the 2012 Consolidated Appeal (CAP) and contributions to the Emergency Response Fund. Funding shortfalls are most likely to affect internally displaced people (IDPs), chronically vulnerable people coping with the consequences of the harshest winter for 15 years, victims of sudden-onset and natural disasters, and communities exposed to communicable disease.