The 2012 Sahel food and nutrition crisis severely affected Burkina Faso. According to a WFP/Government assessment, the crisis affected more than 2.8 million people, mainly due to poor harvests caused by sparse and erratic rainfall.
On 1 March 2012, the Government declared a national emergency based on the agricultural deficits in 2011 and 2012. An eight-month consolidated appeal for Burkina Faso was launched in May 2012.
Since June 2009, several West African countries have been affected by unrelenting rains causing the loss of human lives, and massive destruction of infrastructure including dwellings and harvests. Some 600,000 people have been affected and these torrential rains have led to the death of 159 people, notably in Sierra Leone. Senegal, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Niger and Sierra Leone are among the most affected countries.