In order to formulate a solid humanitarian response to the need of all affected populations, the Consolidated Appeals Process (CAP) 2005 for Côte d’Ivoire was prepared by collecting data through the Needs Assessment Framework and Matrix (now renamed the Needs Analysis Framework ([NAF]) in five geographical zones, divided into the west (Man to Tabou), the north (Bouaké to Korhogo), northeast (Bondoukou to Bouna), centre (Yamoussoukro to Daloa) and south (greater Abidjan area).
Côte d’Ivoire remains one of the most complex protection crises in the region, reflecting the adverse impact of a political-military crisis that erupted in September 2002 following the failed coup attempt against President Laurent Gbagbo. Despite reconciliation-based governing arrangements, the country is still split into a rebel-held landlocked North, a Government-controlled South and a buffer zone known as the Zone of Confidence manned by the United Nations forces and the French Licorne forces.
The signature of the Ouagadougou Political Agreement (OPA) in March 2007 ushered in a new era of political and humanitarian development in Côte d’Ivoire. The Ivorian parties to the conflict came together to address the main obstacles that have long prevented a return to normality in the country. The progress made in the implementation of the OPA has placed Côte d’Ivoire in a post-conflict phase for the first time since the eruption of the socio-political crisis in 2002.