Humanitarian needs in Iraq have risen sharply over the last two years, exacerbating chronic problems that stem from the past two decades. Millions of Iraqis now face widespread suffering and deprivation.
The humanitarian situation in Iraq continues to call for a concerted and comprehensive international response. Urgent needs across key humanitarian sectors are widespread and accumulating due to acute deprivation of essential services; armed conflict, generalised violence and rights violations; long-term internal displacement and challenging return situations; and lack of access to impartial humanitarian assistance.
Within Iraq, the situation has evolved gradually from one of large-scale displacement and acute humanitarian emergency towards early recovery and development. During the first half of 2009, Iraq has continued to move tentatively towards a more peaceful and stable future, with monthly levels of violence decreasing from 2008. However, the security situation in the country is still far from stabilized, with continued attacks against civilians and many underlying conflicts and grievances still unresolved.