The rapid territorial gains being made by the Islamic Courts Union (ICU) in Somalia and the precarious strength of the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) based in Baidoa have added greater unpredictability to the already precarious political situation. The perception of a wider civil war in Somalia has resulted in a steadily increasing refugee influx into north-eastern Kenya. Intra- and inter-clan fighting, the impact of drought, and increasing destitution are some of the complementary causes of this refugee migration.
Kenya held its first general elections under the new Constitution in March 2013. The elections were generally peaceful with only isolated incidences of election-related violence. The Government and humanitarian partners had adequately prepared for potential post-election violence through contingency planning and pre-positioning of essential supplies in strategic locations.
In December 2006, United Nations agencies, International Organisations and Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs) launched the Consolidated Appeal for the Great Lakes Region (GLR) with the aim of providing essential humanitarian support services and multi-country assistance to affected populations in Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda.