The renewed and spiralling levels of open warfare in the North and the East have shattered the fragile cease-fire causing grave humanitarian consequences including significant civilian casualties and new displacement. Persisting hostilities, albeit localised to some areas of the country, as well as the failure to implement the Cease Fire Agreement (CFA), do not allow hopes for an easy return to normalcy.
By December 2006, upheavals of violence and periods of intense confrontation at local level became a recurring reality. The Ceasefire Agreement (CFA) is under severe strain. As none of the signatories have formally renounced their commitment, the CFA is technically still valid and exists as an agreement albeit frequently violated. But the future outlook gives further reason for serious concern, with the non-state actor publicly stating (November 27) that the peace process was defunct.
One year after Sri Lanka’s conflict ended, significant progress has been made on releases and returns from camps for internally displaced people (IDPs). Large-scale efforts are underway to re-establish essential services and livelihoods throughout the former conflict-affected areas in an effort to increase the sustainability of returns. At the same time, assistance needs to continue for the 60,000 IDPs still in camps, as well as for the 68,000 accommodated with host families, most of whom have limited access to assistance and services.