The dynamics of peace, recovery and conflict continue to determine the direction of UN and Partners interventions in Sudan. Within the complexities and challenges present, there are real opportunities for sustained recovery with Darfur being a notable exception. The UN and Partners 2008 Work Plan for Sudan outlines Humanitarian, Early Recovery and Recovery and Development programmes to support the continued peace processes.
Sudan has taken tremendous strides towards peace and recovery in the past few years. But there are
still enormous challenges. Hostilities continue in Darfur, while flare-ups of violence in other regions
create new emergencies and complicate existing ones. Humanitarian and social indicators in many
parts of the country are alarming: in the south, more than half the population does not have access to
clean water, the number of mothers dying in childbirth is one of the highest in the world, and the
During the first half of 2010, the situation in Sudan has mostly evolved in line with the most likely scenario identified in the 2010 Work Plan. Key elections in Sudan passed without large-scale incidents. While the humanitarian situation remains worrisome in the south, the situation in Darfur is generally stable despite the recent resumption of low-level rebel activity.
The humanitarian situation in Sudan remains complex and dynamic, with wide variations in vulnerability and needs. Overall, the country continues to move towards peace and recovery, but formidable challenges persist. Recent political advancements have not always translated into better lives for local people, and millions of Sudanese still live in extremely vulnerable conditions.
In 2011, Sudan will mark six years of relative peace since the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) ended over 21 years of civil war between north and south. It is also the year in which the southern states and Abyei area will vote in critical referenda on their political status. Meanwhile, efforts will continue to find a lasting settlement to the crisis in Darfur.