This appeal is intended to cover the urgent remaining needs of the population affected by two earthquakes, which hit the southern district of Qumsangir in Tajikistan on the 29th of July 2006. A total of 1,083 houses have been fully damaged and more than 1,500 have been partially damaged. A total of 21,000 people had lived in these fully and partially affected houses.
The organisations participating in the Mid-Year Review of the 2009 Humanitarian Food Security Appeal for Tajikistan agree that, despite national and international efforts, the humanitarian situation in Tajikistan remains severe. Multiple negative effects of the global economic and financial crises on the Tajik economy, combined with significant damage caused by natural disasters over the past year, have undermined ongoing efforts to improve the humanitarian situation.
Abnormally cold weather conditions in Tajikistan, causing heavy snowfall and frozen rivers, have damaged water and electrical supply systems and isolated mountain villages. Snowfall in December 2007 was 245% above the historical average for the month. Temperatures of between -8°C and -25°C since the beginning of 2008 have increased demand for heating while at the same time affecting the supply capacity. This has led to severe rationing of electricity and sharp increases in the prices for fuel.
Tajikistan has experienced a series of economic, environmental, and social shocks over the last two years, which have increased food insecurity and reduced the capacity of the most vulnerable to deal with further shocks.