Zimbabwe continued making steady progress towards recovery and development since the launch of the 2013 humanitarian appeal. On the political front, the holding of a successful referendum ushered in a new Constitution in May. This was followed by peaceful elections in July marking the end of the Government of National Unity (GNU) that had been in place since February 2009, and introducing a new Government led by the Zimbabwe Africa National Union Patriotic Front (ZANU-PF).
The humanitarian situation in Zimbabwe has continued to improve and remains largely stable. This is due to the concerted effort by the Government of Zimbabwe, donors and other stakeholders to address the humanitarian needs arising from the challenges that the country faced over the last decade. Alongside these efforts, over the last three years, the recovery and development actors under the leadership of the Government of Zimbabwe have also continued to make steady investment; results are now beginning to bear fruit.
The humanitarian situation in Zimbabwe continues to be impacted by a set of complex, overlapping and often worsening economic and social factors. Spiralling inflation, deteriorating physical infrastructure, the inability of the public sector to deliver basic social services, and the severe impact of the HIV/AIDS pandemic have led to a decline in the overall health and well-being of the population. The erosion of livelihoods, food insecurity, rising malnutrition and the possibility of disease outbreaks are putting the already vulnerable population under further distress.
Having hardly recovered from the floods of 2007, Southern Africa is once again facing unusually early and torrential rainfall that has so far – with half the rainy season still to come – damaged the homes and crops of about 449,000 people in Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia and Zimbabwe. Among these, at least 120,000 have been displaced, more than 80% of them in Mozambique.