The deteriorating political and security situation in Sudan has resulted in a large-scale influx of refugees into Chad from Darfur. The refugee influx has impacted the demographic, environmental, political and security situation in Chad.
In view ofsignificant effects of the Desert Locust invasion in West Africa during the second half of 2004 and the change in the political/security situation within the region since the development of the United Nations (UN) Consolidated Appeal 2005 (CA), UN Regional Representatives and Non-governmental Organization (NGO) partners as well as other humanitarian partners decided to review the situation analysis provided in the Common Humanitarian Action Plan (CHAP) for 2005 and to prepare a supplementary chapter (addendum) for the Regional Appeal.
As of 6 April 2005, 181 confirmed and suspected cases of Marburg viral hemorrhagic fever (VHF) have been reported in five provinces, with the majority (168) in Uige. Of the 181 cases, 159 have been fatal. While children under the age of five years initially accounted for 75% of cases, recent cases are including an increasing number of adults.