The humanitarian situation in Zimbabwe continues to be impacted by a set of complex, overlapping and often worsening economic and social factors. Spiralling inflation, deteriorating physical infrastructure, the inability of the public sector to deliver basic social services, and the severe impact of the HIV/AIDS pandemic have led to a decline in the overall health and well-being of the population. The erosion of livelihoods, food insecurity, rising malnutrition and the possibility of disease outbreaks are putting the already vulnerable population under further distress.
One and a half years on from the start of the peace negotiations between the Government of Uganda and the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA), the humanitarian situation in northern Uganda continues to improve. By 30 September 2007, more than half of the 1.8 million northern Ugandans internally displaced at the start of 2005 had entered the return process, including half a million people who have completed the return and 400,000 who have made initial movements out of the camps.
Since the last 2007 Consolidated Appeal and following successful Presidential and Parliamentary elections in April and June 2007, Timor-Leste has continued its transition from relief to development. It is recognised that there is no short-term solution to internal displacement: a phased and multi-dimensional approach is required to reach a sustainable resolution. The TSA does not substitute for but rather complements Governmental humanitarian and recovery interventions.
Abnormally cold weather conditions in Tajikistan, causing heavy snowfall and frozen rivers, have damaged water and electrical supply systems and isolated mountain villages. Snowfall in December 2007 was 245% above the historical average for the month. Temperatures of between -8°C and -25°C since the beginning of 2008 have increased demand for heating while at the same time affecting the supply capacity. This has led to severe rationing of electricity and sharp increases in the prices for fuel.