During the six months following the launch of the 2009 Consolidated Appeal, significant changes occurred in the political arena while the humanitarian situation in Somalia remained much the same. The overall food security situation in Somalia was the worst seen in 16 years and continued to deteriorate, with 43% of the population – 3.2 million people – remaining in need of humanitarian and livelihood assistance.
Between December 27 and January 18, Israeli forces conducted a major combined military operation in the Gaza Strip. The operation lasted for 23 days and comprised bombardment by land, sea and air and incursions into Gaza by Israeli troops. Before and during that period, Hamas and other Palestinian militant groups fired rockets from Gaza into Israel, and engaged Israeli troops in Gaza during the ground invasion.
Significant humanitarian needs remain in Nepal due to a combination of national and global factors: a particularly severe winter drought, ongoing civil and political tensions, chronic underlying vulnerabilities, and susceptibility to sudden-onset natural disasters, compounded by the global financial, fuel, and food crises of the recent months.