The signature of the Ouagadougou Political Agreement (OPA) in March 2007 ushered in a new era of political and humanitarian development in Côte d’Ivoire. The Ivorian parties to the conflict came together to address the main obstacles that have long prevented a return to normality in the country. The progress made in the implementation of the OPA has placed Côte d’Ivoire in a post-conflict phase for the first time since the eruption of the socio-political crisis in 2002.
Since June 2009, several West African countries have been affected by unrelenting rains causing the loss of human lives, and massive destruction of infrastructure including dwellings and harvests. Some 600,000 people have been affected and these torrential rains have led to the death of 159 people, notably in Sierra Leone. Senegal, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Niger and Sierra Leone are among the most affected countries.