Pendant les six premiers mois de 2012, les acteurs humanitaires ont continué à répondre aux besoins humanitaires non couverts, en travaillant avec leurs contreparties nationales dans les différents secteurs et à appuyer des actions ciblées de préparation et de réponse aux urgences. L’action des partenaires internationaux s’insère dans un système national de planification et de réponse aux urgences qui se développe graduellement.
Humanitarian needs in Afghanistan continue to mount while financial resources to respond are declining, as reflected in funding to actions coordinated in the 2012 Consolidated Appeal (CAP) and contributions to the Emergency Response Fund. Funding shortfalls are most likely to affect internally displaced people (IDPs), chronically vulnerable people coping with the consequences of the harshest winter for 15 years, victims of sudden-onset and natural disasters, and communities exposed to communicable disease.
The signing of the political agreement in November 2011 signalled the beginning of a new period in Yemen’s history, but it has not led to improvements in the humanitarian situation. Already the poorest country in the Arab world, Yemen has seen a dramatic rise in humanitarian needs, particularly among rural communities and those displaced by conflict.
The first six months following the publication of the 2012 Consolidated Appeal for the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt) were characterized by continued deadlock in direct negotiations between Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO). The prolonged absence of a credible political horizon and the severe financial pressures on the Palestinian Authority (PA), compounded by the continuous fragmentation of the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt), are increasingly compromising the viability and achievements of the state-building efforts.