One year after the post-electoral crisis which entailed violent hostilities in many parts of Côte d'Ivoire from December 2010 to April 2011 and caused an influx of 200,000 refugees into Liberia, the situation in Côte d’Ivoire seems to be relatively stable. The situation in Liberia along the border continues to stabilize with the progressive improvement in the political and security situation in Côte d’Ivoire, despite recent incursions by fighters.
As anticipated in November at the launch of this Consolidated Appeal, the Heys/Dara rains (October 2011 - February 2012), the most important rains in Djibouti’s coastal areas, were poor, and have led to further deterioration in the food security situation in the coastal areas. In addition, forecasts predict prolonged rainfall deficits throughout the June-August 2012 period, suggesting a continuation of the prevailing drought.
The Central African Republic (CAR) continues to face severe and protracted humanitarian challenges. An estimated 1.9 million people, half of the country’s population, need humanitarian assistance and the majority of people in the country have very limited access to health, sanitation and education.
The first half of 2012 has seen the continuation of unresolved issues between Sudan and South Sudan as well as the emergence of new challenges. Some of these challenges were anticipated in the most likely planning scenario developed for 2012, while other challenges have far exceeded expectations, further worsening the humanitarian situation to the extent that in several areas some of the worst-case scenario triggers have already occurred.
La révision de l’appel global (AG) 2012 du Niger est motivée par l’ampleur de la crise alimentaire et nutritionnelle que va connaître cette année le pays et toute la région du Sahel, liée à la sécheresse mais aussi aux répercussions sur le Niger des crises libyenne et malienne, notamment le récent afflux de réfugiés fuyant le conflit au Mali:
La crise alimentaire et nutritionnelle qui touche en ce moment le Sahel devrait affecter environ 18 million de personnes cette année, et plus de 1 million d’enfants risquent d’être atteint de malnutrition aiguë sévère.