Several years after a massive influx of Iraqi refugees prompted the humanitarian community to build its first comprehensive and coordinated protection and assistance response, Iraqi refugees continue to constitute one of the largest urban refugee populations in the world.
While the acute humanitarian emergency engendered by the sudden influx of Ivorian refugees into Liberia continues to stabilize, significant humanitarian aid is still required to address the needs of some 120,000 Ivorian refugees and their host communities in the Nimba, Grand Gedeh, River Gee and Maryland counties of Liberia. Failure to provide this assistance will harm the lives and livelihoods of many refugees and vulnerable host populations, and hinder recovery and community rehabilitation efforts in Liberia.
Le Niger a connu une crise alimentaire et nutritionnelle aiguë en 2010, suite à une campagne agro-pastorale 2009–2010 déficitaire. La mobilisation du gouvernement, appuyée par ses partenaires techniques et financiers, a permis d’apporter une réponse coordonnée à cette crise et d’éviter une catastrophe humanitaire.
2011 brought historic changes for the people of South Sudan. On 9 January, the country held its long-awaited referendum on independence, with the people voting overwhelmingly to secede from Sudan. The Republic of South Sudan was born on 9 July, becoming the world’s 193rd country and marking the conclusion of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) period that ended Sudan’s protracted civil war.
2011 was marked by significant political developments in the region and in the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt). These included a reconciliation agreement reached between the two main political factions Fatah and Hamas in May, a Palestine application for full membership at the United Nations in September, and a subsequent campaign to join individual United Nations organizations. Unfortunately, an on-going stalemate in direct negotiations between Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organisation stymied political progress.