Consolidated Appeal for Chad 2005
The deteriorating political and security situation in Sudan has resulted in a large-scale influx of refugees into Chad from Darfur. The refugee influx has impacted the demographic, environmental, political and security situation in Chad.
During the last sixteen (16) months, some 200,000 refugees fleeing the conflict in Darfur have arrived in eastern Chad. In September 2004, with the assistance of the United Nations Agencies (UN) and Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs), 185,000 people were registered and settled into 11 camps.These refugees join 30,000 refugees originating from the Central African Republic (CAR), who have been residing in the areas of Grand Sido and Nya Pendé in the south of the country.
In the absence of reliable data (the last census was in 1993), the overall impact of this influx on the local population is difficult to fully evaluate. The United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) has therefore, proposed to conduct a census of the local population in the affected zones.
In the already fragile environment of eastern Chad, the arrival of an additional 200,000 people has resulted in growing tensions between the refugees and the local population as the two groups increasingly compete for scarce water, food and land. Access to basic services is also limited as are livelihood opportunities for young people. These factors combine with regional instability, cross-border trafficking of weapons and the poor rainfall during 2004, to endanger economic and political stability in eastern Chad as well as the country as a whole.
Unless the conflict in western Sudan is resolved, new waves of refugees must be anticipated. This additional demographic pressure would exacerbate the already precarious security and humanitarian situation, including increased food insecurity.
Within this context, humanitarian priorities in Chad during 2005 include:
- To ensure essential needs of the refugee population are addressed;
- To ensure essential needs of the local population affected by the influx of refugees are addressed;
- To increase the international community’s awareness of the deterioration of the humanitarian situation in Chad.
The priority sectors identified for humanitarian action in 2005 are:
- The environment;
- Agriculture, animal rearing and food security;
- Protection and the respect of Human Rights;
- Supporting basic services, health and education.
The strategy and supporting projects to address these priority needs were elaborated during sector workshops held in Chad during September 2004. These workshops brought together various humanitarian actors as well as local government representatives. An inter-agency and governmental mission carried out in September in the areas of Wadi-Fira, Ouaddaï and Borkou-Ennedi-Tibesti (BET) further elaborated and confirmed conclusions from the workshops.
The Consolidated Appeal (CAP) for Chad in 2005 totals US$ 182,691,840 to implement64 projects proposed by eleven (11) UN Agencies and nine (9) NGOs, which will work in close collaboration with local authorities.
See UNFPA Project Proposal CHD-05/CSS04
The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) estimates that as many as an additional 100,000 refugees could cross into eastern Chad between the end of 2004 and in 2005.