Mid-Year Review of the Consolidated Appeal for Côte d'Ivoire 2005
In order to formulate a solid humanitarian response to the need of all affected populations, the Consolidated Appeals Process (CAP) 2005 for Côte d’Ivoire was prepared by collecting data through the Needs Assessment Framework and Matrix (now renamed the Needs Analysis Framework ([NAF]) in five geographical zones, divided into the west (Man to Tabou), the north (Bouaké to Korhogo), northeast (Bondoukou to Bouna), centre (Yamoussoukro to Daloa) and south (greater Abidjan area).
Since the signature of the Pretoria agreement on 6 April 2005, a number of positive developments in Côte d'Ivoire have led to the resumption of the peace process centered essentially around the eligibility of all signatories to the Linas Marcoussis peace accord in the upcoming presidential elections and the establishment of a timetable for the Disarmament, Demobilisation and Reintegration (DDR) process, scheduled to begin at the end of June 2005.
The escalation of inter-communal conflicts in the west, the centre and in the Zone of Confidence since February 2005 with significant internal displacement and an increasing number of human rights violations in the Forces Nouvelles (FN) areas, the persistence of checkpoints and continued harassment, and the non- respect at times of the symbols, assets and personnel of humanitarian organisations are some of the key concerns of the humanitarian community. As a result, the protection of civilians will guide the programming of humanitarian agencies and organisations, while it will underpin all advocacy efforts.
Meanwhile, almost three years into the crisis, people’s living conditions – particularly in the north and west – are becoming increasingly difficult with a significant disruption in the provision of potable water in rural as well as urban areas, and limited access to health and education services. The national committee for the redeployment of the administration (Comité National pour le Redéploiement de l’Administration) has decided to re-deploy 17,000 civil servants to the north and 3,800 to the west, but it is unclear when the decision will become effective. This is critical since civil servants are needed to run and operate schools, hospitals, and other government facilities. The food situation of households has remained on the whole stable, but is fragile with population displacements and excessive transportation costs as a result of checkpoints and bribes needed to be paid to continue one’s journey.
Concurrently, the Country Team and donors, under the leadership of a strategic think-tank facilitated by the World Bank, have developed a common paper to deal with some critical questions affecting humanitarian activities, and transition toward development and recovery programmes by producing five aide-mémoires on the sectors of protection of civilians with a particular focus on internally displaced persons (IDPs), education, water-electricity, health, andthe redeployment of civil administration. These aide-mémoires were addressed to the President Laurent Gbagbo and the Prime Minister Seydou Diarra calling for specific actions to be taken by the Government of National Reconciliation, to which the FN belong, while indicating the support of the international community to assist in their implementation to ensure access to basic services, as well as strengthen the protection of affected vulnerable populations.
The Financial Tracking Service (FTS) shows that as of 10 June 2005, the CAP mobilised US$ 10,763,273 out of a requested US$ 36.5 million in the areas of food security, multi-sectoral assistance, water and sanitation, and coordination, leaving unmet requirements of US$ 25,707,433.