Mid-Year Review of the Consolidated Appeal for Great Lakes 2005
As the second half of 2005 approaches, the extent of humanitarian need in the Great Lakes Region (GLR) remains largely unaltered. Positive political developments in some areas, such as the Burundi peace process, have been checked by deteriorations in others, such as renewed violence and continued displacement in northern Uganda, and are frequently combined with additional hardships as the result of adverse climatic conditions such as drought or flooding. As such, the region as a whole continues to be characterised by political instability, insecurity, internal displacement and refugee outflows, human rights violations, food insecurity and a high incidence of disease including Human Immuno-deficiency Virus /Acquired Immuno-deficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS). All of these deprive millions of children, women and men of their basic rights and a minimal quality of life.
At the beginning of the year, stakeholders in the Great Lakes Consolidated Appeals Process (CAP) outlined the desperate need for renewed commitment to the GLR. The long-term nature of the Great Lakes crises has, unsurprisingly, affected levels of international attention. Decades of internal and cross-border conflict, highly complex political environments and the sheer magnitude of the numbers involved often defy comprehension. At the same time, other large-scale crises in the rest of the world, including the Indian Ocean Tsunami in which hundreds of thousands were killed and millions affected, have placed additional pressure on international attention and resources.
More than ever the populations of the Great Lakes are in need, not only of emergency life-sustaining help, but of the continued support of the international community in working to address the root causes of the inter-related regional crises - which include poverty, poor governance, inequitable access to land and resources, and chronic food insecurity. Such support is also vital to translate positive developments at country level - as in the peace process in Burundi - and the gains of regional initiatives such as the International Conference for Peace Security Democracy and Development (IC/GLR) - into long-term improvements.
The 2005 Common Humanitarian Action Plan (CHAP) for the countries of the GLR aims to provide support to emergency assistance by improving coordination within individual organisations and with partners; providing additional capacity when necessary; advocating with donors and the wider international community; identifying and addressing gaps in policy; and developing preparedness plans and response mechanisms. Stakeholders in the 2005 CHAP and accompanying appeal have continued to work together at regional level to develop their contribution to the mitigation of, and response to, emergencies.
Concrete activities and achievements have been recorded in all sectors of the strategy during the period, although monitoring and evaluation is one area that has been highlighted for greater attention. All areas remain key in the provision of continued support to country offices and direct assistance to affected populations. Advocacy to raise the profile of the Great Lakes emergencies will be an important focus in the rest of the year, as will increasing and supporting preparedness and encouraging risk reduction and mitigation initiatives.
The total amount of the 2005 Great Lakes appeal has increased from US$ 103,195,070 to US$ 119,527,523. The increment reflects a substantial budget revision for World Food Programme’s (WFP) Protracted Relief and Recovery Operation (PRRO) to meet food requirements for an increased number of beneficiaries. On 10 June 2005, funding for the Great Lakes appeal is reported to stand at US$ 60,541,825 or 51% of the original requirements.