Mid-Year Review of the Consolidated Appeal for Guinea 2005
The beginning of the year 2005 brought some hope on the horizon with the introduction of a number of political and socio-economic reforms resulting in the resumption of international cooperation with Guinea. A new Prime Minister was appointed in December 2004 and the dialogue with the political parties resumed. There has also been a revision of the law on decentralisation, the approval of the law on the liberalisation of the media and the exchange rate regime, and the preparations for communal elections scheduled for October or December 2005.
On the other hand, events such as the failed coup attempt against President Lansana Conte in January, the outbreak of diseases considered as almost eradicated (polio and yellow fever), the increase in Human Immuno-Deficiency Virus/Acquired Immuno-Deficiency Syndrome(HIV/AIDS) prevalence, and a 50% fuel price increase in May had a negative impact on the socio-political environment and the humanitarian situation. The alleged involvement of the exiled ex-President Taylor in the coup attempt, and persistent yet unconfirmed reports of a planned attack on Guinea by his supporters, has increased the sense of insecurity among the population despite measures taken to reinforce the borders. Rumours of illegal cross-border arms trade led to the fielding of a technical mission of the Security Council on small arms in May.
Moreover there has been progressive deterioration of the socio-economic situation and a gradual impoverishment of previously stable populations, with nearly 53% of Guineans living below poverty levels compared to 49% in 2000 and 40% in 1996. The increasing lack of resources on the part of the Government to provide adequate social services and income generating opportunities contributes to a serious deterioration of living conditions of the most vulnerable populations. The humanitarian situation in Guinea remains therefore as fragile as ever.
Guinea continues to face the challenge of having to prevent tensions by solving internal structural problems, upholding its current role as a stabilising factor in the sub-region, and simultaneously neutralising the spill over effect of sub-regional instability. The outcome of the elections in Guinea Bissau in June, and Côte d’Ivoire and Liberia in October could play a key role in stabilising Guinea and the sub-region.
Insufficient reliable vulnerability data, limited humanitarian presence on the ground and persistent under-funding of humanitarian actions beyond refugee assistance have been the major constraints to the implementation of key components of the Common Humanitarian Action Plan (CHAP) for 2005. As of 10 June 42% of the revised appeal requirements had been provided.
In pursuance of the strategic goals agreed upon for 2005, the humanitarian community in Guinea will continue to improve coordination, protection and advocacy on behalf of the most vulnerable while addressing remaininggaps in assistance; advocate for more sustainable actions in order to reduce vulnerability and prepare a smooth transition from relief to early recovery and rehabilitation assistance; and ensure that Guinea is part of any strategy to stabilise the sub-region. Appealing organisations have therefore reviewed their projects in order to address new needs, facilitate and promote the repatriation of 55,000 out of a total of69,000 refugees; facilitate the return and/or reintegration of 82,000 internally displaced persons (IDPs) and over 100,000 returnees; reduce the relatively high mortality, morbidity and malnutrition rates, and increase the protection for women and children victims of any forms of violence or discrimination.
Thirteen projects have been revised from the project portfolio as a result of the Mid-Year Review (MYR) exercise. Twelve projects were revised downwards, and one project upwards to include additional needs. These are to be implemented, subject to timely and adequate funding, by the participating United Nations (UN) agencies and Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs).
The revised financial requirements 2005 stand at US$ 39,148,957, meaning a reduction of 10.5% compared to the original US$ 43,743,004. Contributions and commitments amount to US$ 16.3 as of 10 June 2005, equating to 42% of the revised requirements
See second MDG report issued in February 2005 in Conakry.