Mid-Year Review of the Consolidated Appeal for Somalia 2005
From a humanitarian perspective, two key developments occurred since the launch of the Consolidated Appeals Process (CAP) for 2005. The good performance of the Deyr (short) rains which brought to an end four consecutive years of drought and the Indian Ocean Tsunami which struck the north-eastern coast of Somalia on 26 December 2004. Overall, the extended effects of four years of drought, which has adversely impacted livelihoods and coping mechanisms combined with chronic food insecurity, and more recently flooding has exacerbated the suffering of Somalis. The operating environment during the first half of 2005 continued to be characterised by recurrent conflict due to intra and inter clan fighting, and intermittent access to vulnerable communities particularly in the south and central parts of the country.
The 2004/2005 Deyr rains allowed for the recovery of 200,000 drought affected people, however, approximately 500,000 continue to be in a state of humanitarian emergency or a livelihood crisis. The current underperformance of the Gu (long) rains, combined with localised flooding in southern Somalia, raises concerns that the limited recovery achieved following the Deyr rains may be reversed. In May, over 12,000 people in flood affected riverine communities of Hiran and Middle Shabelle regions, as well as populations in Hargeisa and Burao in ‘Somaliland’ affected by local flash flooding were provided with food and non-food emergency relief assistance by the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), the World Food Programme (WFP), and the National Governmental Organisations (NGOs) in cooperation with local authorities and partners.
In addition to the 500,000 people affected by the extended effects of the drought, approximately 370,000-400,000 Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) living throughout Somalia, with the majority in the south and central regions, remain vulnerable. This brings the total number of people in need of humanitarian assistance to approximately 900,000. The protective environment for IDPs remains unchanged as they continue to be affected by the impact of years of conflict and on-going insecurity. Lack of security remains a major impediment to ensuring access to vulnerable populations in need of urgent assistance.
Occurring at a time when many parts of the country were beginning to recover from the prolonged drought and periodic floods, the tsunami further exacerbated the already dire humanitarian situation in Somalia. Living conditions of an estimated 44,000 people were negatively affected and many required urgent humanitarian assistance. Shelter was damaged or destroyed, wells were contaminated and many fishing boats and equipment were either damaged or lost. The humanitarian community responded quickly to meet the immediate life saving needs of the affected population. Local communities, United Nations agencies, and NGOs were proactive in mobilising assistance and responding to identified needs. WFP, Cooperative for American Relief Everywhere (CARE), UNICEF, Office of the High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), World Health Organization (WHO), Médecins Sans Frontières(MSF) Holland, Shilale Environment Concern (SHILCON), Diakonia, Galkayo Education Centre for Peace and Development (GECPD) and Vétérinaires Sans Frontières (VSF) Suisse moved quickly to either pre-position or distribute relief items, including food, medicine, non-food items (shelter materials, cooking utensils, and blankets) and clean drinking water.
Despite the existing operational challenges, United Nations agencies and NGOs have persevered in addressing some of the needs of the most vulnerable populations. Inadequate funding combined with insecurity and the resultant lack of access has been the major impediments to the delivery of assistance where it is most needed.
In light of the changes in the context and consequent humanitarian needs, financial requirements have been revised to US$ 162.3 million. As of 10 June 2005, donors had provided 39% leaving a total of US$ 99.2 million for the remainder of 2005