Mid-Year Review of the Consolidated Appeal for Uganda 2005
The humanitarian challenges involving Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) continue to be of great concern in Uganda. There are currently some 1,670,000 IDPs living in rural camps in northern and eastern parts of the country. Out of these, 1,117,000 are found in the three Acholi districts of Gulu, Kitgum and Pader, representing 90-95% of the sub-regionfs population. In the Lango sub-region, there are a total of 474,000 IDPs in Lira and Apac districts; and despite the restored peace in the Teso sub-region, there are 80-100,000 IDPs in Katakwi district, most of whom escaped Karimojong cattle raids. However, these IDPs do commute between the camps and their villages of origin, unlike their compatriots in Acholiland. Furthermore, there are an estimated 200-300,000 IDPs living in urban areas such as Gulu, Kitgum, Lira and Kampala and in the neighbouring districts of Adjumani, Masindi and Hoima. Therefore, the global figure of IDPs in northern Uganda is estimated at between 1.9 and 2 million, with 1.4 million (in rural Acholi and Lango camps) benefiting from regular World Food Programme (WFP) food assistance. IDPs in the camps are continuously subjected to violent activities of the Lordfs Resistance Army (LRA). After 19 years, there are still reports of continuing human rights violations, killings, raids, mutilations, abduction, sexual abuses and general violence.
In the Karamoja sub-region, food security remains fragile due to poor weather conditions to the extent that WFP increased the number of beneficiaries of food aid delivery from 117,000 in November 2004 to 574,000 at mid-year 2005. Food programmes for refugees and other social support groups (school feeding, people living with Human Immuno-deficiency Virus (HIV)/ Acquired Immuno-Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) & Tuberculosis (TB), therapeutic feeding centres, etc) have also been stepped up. As a consequence of the lack of progress in the peace process and the continued insecurity in the countryside, there is no early prospect for IDPs to become food sufficient. WFP and other humanitarian partners will, therefore, need to continue their assistance.
Peace in the Teso districts and the southern part of Lango in the past year led IDPs to return home or spend more time in their villages than in camps; more than 200,000 IDPs in Teso received return and resettlement packages and are planting close to their villages of origin, near IDP camps. Going forward, it will be necessary like in other affected areas to expand opportunities for livelihood support, coupled with rehabilitation of basic social services (health, education, water and sanitation) and infrastructure.
In November 2004, there was considerable optimism that a peaceful resolution of the conflict was in sight. After a limited ceasefire in mid-November by the Government, renewed several times, a Lords Resistance Army (LRA) delegation and the Government peace team finally met on 29 December. Security subsequently improved, enabling an improved delivery of humanitarian assistance. However, the defection of the LRA negotiator in February 2005 and his replacement by the LRA second in command, Vincent Otti, stalled the negotiation process. In March, the LRA resumed their violent activities in Acholi and Adjumani districts and in southern Sudan from where, as a result, waves of refugees fled into Uganda. The number of gnight commutersh trekking every night to the centre of Gulu, Kitgum and Kalongo, remained more or less at the same level, between 30,000 and 40,000.
With46% of the CAP 2005 so far funded, the aid community, at midyear, is in a better position than last year to address the situation; in addition US$ 22,008,991 have been funded outside the CAP. Sectors like water/sanitation, education, health and protection, HIV/AIDS, support to livelihood and mine action are equally important in areas of displacement and/or return. The Government needs to be encouraged to commit increased resources towards needs of the IDPs in accordance with the National IDP Policy and spare no efforts in the search for a peaceful resolution of the conflict.
The priorities for next six months and beyond will remain:
food security and delivery of humanitarian assistance to all vulnerable populations;
coordination/capacity building of national counterparts/information management;
advocacy for conflict resolution/reconciliation;
repatriation of refugees and return of IDPs, including support for Disarmament, Demobilisation, Return and Reintegration (DDRR).
The reviewed 2005 Consolidated Appeal has a revised total requirement ofUS$ 188,195,144. A total of US$ 86,751,765 has been contributed or pledged to date, leaving unmet requirements of US$ 101,443,379.